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Orchestra Final

10th Grade Final

forte loud
piano soft
crescendo gradually get louder
decrescendo gradually get softer
ritardando gradually get slower
diminuendo gradually get softer
mp medium soft
martele hammered stroke
staccato space between bowing
spiccato bouncing bow
allegro fast
presto fastest
largo broad and slow
enharmonic notes that sound the same but are written differently
chromatic scale scale composed of only half steps
detache detached, space between notes
cantabile songlike
andante walking tempo
fp loud then quickly get soft
ponticello play near bridge
sul tasto play near fingerboard
syncopation shift the rhythm of a pattern to where it’s not normally accented, accent weak beat
morendo dying away
col legno using the wood of the bow
adagio slow
subito suddenly
con moto with motion
trill music note made from rapid alteration
con sordino with mute on
tie vs. slur tie = same note slur = different notes
sfz accents above the note
order of the style periods Renaissance Baroque Classical Romantic Modern (RBCRoM)
time period of Baroque 1600 - 1750
famous player in Baroque Bach
famous player in Classical Mozart and Beethoven
famous player in Romantic Mahler
which period did Bach die in? Baroque
which period did Columbus travel in? Renaissance
which period was the Declaration of Independence written in? Classical
who developed the new bow? Tourte
who did the first crescendo? Mannheim
where did the most of the money come from in the Baroque period? church
which is loudest: p, pp, or mp? mp
what does the circle of fifths represent? chart of all the keys, shows how all the keys relate to each other
what country is Aaron Copland from? America
what is it called when all the players come back together after divisi? tutti
who wrote Canon in D? Johann Pachelbel
which of the following is not a Baroque composer? Beethoven
how many sharps are in the E major? 4
how many sharps are in the G major? 2
order of the sharps FCGDAEB opposite of beadgcf fat cats go down alleys eating birds
order of the flats BEADGCF
how to tell what key you are in? sharps: go to the last sharp, then go up a half-step ex: if there are 6 sharps: E♯ ➝ F sharp major flats: go to the last flat, then go back one Ex: if there are 4 flats: D♭ ➝ A♭major
to find out how many sharps are in a specific scale c is the first one with 0 sharps g has 1 and then continue with the backwards beadgcf order
to find out how many flats are in a specific scale c is the first one with 0 flats f has 1 and then continue following beadgcf order
Created by: studystacksat



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