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Renal Path (Goljan)

QuestionAnswer
Renal stone ass. with urease producers Magnesium ammonium phosphate (Staghorn calculus)
Horseshoe kidney trap under what artery? Inferior Mesenteric Artery
Oligohydramnios, Potter's facies, lung hypoplasia Autosomal recessive Polycystic kidney disease
Berry aneurysm, bilateral enlarged kidneys with cyst Adult (Autosomal dominant) polycystic kidney disease
Multiple cyst of collecting ducts, striations in medulla Medullary sponge kidney
Mitral valve prolapse, bilateral cystic kidneys Adult PKD
Episodic bouts of hematuria + GN IgA glomerulopathy
Subepithelial humps + GN -Poststreptococcal GN -Diffuse membranous glomerulopathy
Wire looping Diffuse proliferative GN (SLE)
Linear immunoflorescence Goodpastures syndrome
Cresent formation Rapidly progreseive GN (Goodpastures, Wegeners, polyarteritis)
Anti-basement membrane Ab Goodpastures
Nephrotic + Respond well to steroid Minimal Change Disease
Nephrotic + HIV Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
Silver stain shows "spike and dome" beneath VEC Diffuse membranous glomerulopathy
Nephrotic + Hepatitis C Type 1 MPGN
Nephrotic + C3 nephritic factor Type 2 MPGN
Tram tracks Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis
Nodular masses in mesangial matrix Diabetic glomerulopathy
Fatty cast Nephrotic syndrome
RBC cast Nephritic syndrome
Waxy cast Chronic Renal Failure
Renal Tubular cell cast Acute Tubular Necrosis (ATN)
WBC cast Acute pyelonephritis (APN), Drug-induced TIN
Oval fat bodies Nephrotic
Fusion of podocytes Minimal Change Disease
Defect in alpha-5 subtype of type IV collagen in GBM Alport's syndrome
Hearing problem, eye problem, renal problem Alport's syndrome
List 4 causes of Chronic Glomerulonephritis 1) RPGN 2) Focal Segmental GS 3) Type 1 MPGN 4) IgA GN
Renal azotemia + aminoglycosides Nephrotoxic ATN
Fever + Flank pain + WBC cast Acute pyelonephritis
Grayish white abscess on cortex and medulla Acute pyelonephritis
Uniform dilation of calyces + Diffuse thinning of cortical tissues Obstructive type Chronic Pyelonephritis
U-shaped cortical scars above blunt calyx Reflux type Chronic Pyelonephritis
Thyroidization of Tubules Chronic Pyelonephritis
Drugs + fever, oliguria, rash Drug induced TIN
Eosinophiluria + Drugs Drug induced TIN
Acetaminophen + Aspirin What complication? Causes Analgesic Nephropathy Complications : Renal papillary necrosis
IVp : Ring defect Renal Papillary Necrosis
Prevention of urate nephropathy Give Allopurinol before chemotherapy
Small kidneys + Fine glanular cortical surface Benign Nephrosclerosis (BNS)
Flea bitten kidney Malignant Hypertension
Necrotizing arteriolitis in kidney Malignant Hypertension
Hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis in kidney Malignant Hypertension
BP >210/120 + Retinopathy Malignant Hypertension
Wedge-shaped pale infactions in cortex Renal infarction
Renal failure + pregnant woman Diffuse cortical necrosis
Colicky pain radiation to groin + hematuria Renal stones
Renal mass + von Hippel-Lindau Disease Bilateral renal cell carcinoma
Neutrophils in urine + Negative culture 1) Chlamydia Trachomatis 2) Renal tuberculosis 3) ATN
Michaelis-Gutmann bodies Malacoplakia
MCC of squamous cell carcinoma of bladder Schistosoma hematobium
MCC of Transitional cell carcinoma 1) Smoking 2) Aniline dyes 3) Cyclophosphamide 4) Schistosoma hematobium
Renal problem + undercooked beef + petechiae Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome
Increased Mesangial Matrix IgA Glomerulonephropathy + Diabetic Glomerulosclerosis
Fever, flank pain, WBC cast Aetiological agent? E.Coli
Created by: lemontea88