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Reproduction Review

QuestionAnswer
What is the name of the process by which cells divide to reproduce and make exact copies of themselves? Mitosis
How does a living thing change from a single cell to a bundle of cells? Mitosis
What type of reproduction requires only 1 parent? Asexual
What type of reproduction requires 2 parents? Sexual
What type of reproduction creates clones of the parents? Asexual
What type of reproduction create offspring that are different from the parents? Sexual
What type of asexual reproduction results in bacteria splitting to make new bacteria? Binary Fission
What type of repproduction results in a new organism growing from just part of the parent organism? regeneration
What kind of asexual reproduction creates a new organism from the side of the parent organism? Budding
What is the name of the process that makes the sex cells needed for sexual reproduction? Meiosis
What process makes the sperm and egg? meiosis
What is the male sex cell? Sperm
What is the female sex cell? Egg
Where are a plants sperm cells stored? Pollen
Where are a plants egg cells stored? Ovaries
What is the process by which a sperm and egg cell combine? Fertilization
What is the process by which a sperm and egg cell combine INSIDE of the organism? Internal Fertilization
What is the process by which a sperm and egg cell conbine OUTSIDE of the organism? External Fertilization
What type of fertilization do humans undergo? Internal
What type of fertilization do frogs go through? External
How many cells are created by meiosis? 4
How many chromosomes do the daughter cells have after meiosis? HALF
What is the name of a fertilized egg cell? Zygote
What are the male sex glands? Testes
What are the female sex glands? Ovaries
What type of reproduction do flowering plants undergo? Sexual Reproduction
What is the name of the process that describes how certain organism change, develop and grow? Metamorphosis
How many stages make up incomplete metamorphosis? 3
How many stages make up complete metamorphosis? 4
Which type of metamorphosis is a dramatic change of an organism in which each stage looks very different from the others? Complete Metamorphosis
Which type of metamorphosis is a gradual change of an organism in which the young organism looks like the adult and just grows larger over time? Incomplete Metamorphosis
What type of metamorphosis do butterflies and frogs undergo? Complete Metamorphosis
What is the name of a young insect that looks like the adult and has no wings? Nymph
What is the first stage of development for butterflies, frogs, and grasshoppers? Egg
What do we call the genetic material of a cell? DNA
Where is DNA stored in the nucleus? Chromosomes
What nitrogen base pairs up with Adenine? Thymine
What nitrogen base pairs up with Cytosine? Guanine
What is the name of the twisted ladder shape of DNA? Double Helix
Who discovered DNA? Watson and Crick
What do we call the permanent change to DNA? mutation
Are all mutations harmful? NO
Where must a mutation occur in order to be passed on to an offspring? Egg or Sperm Cell
What stage of an insects life cycle do they look like a worm and spend most of the time eating? Larva
What is the name of an insects stage of life in which they hibernate and turn into the adult in a cocoon? pupa
How many chromosomes do human body cells have? 46
How many chromosones do human sex cells (sperm and egg) have? 23
How many chromosomes does a human fertilized egg have? 46
Created by: sloanescience