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HB#1

Circulatory, Digestive, Immune, Excretory & Respiratory Human Body Systems

QuestionAnswer
What is the smallest level of organization in a human? Cell
What does a group of cells working together make up? Tissue
What does a group of tissues working together make up? Organ
What does a group of organs working together make up? Organ System
What does a group of organ systems make up? Organism
Circulatory, Digestive, Respiratory, Excretory & Immune are all examples of what? Organ Systems
Muscle & Skin are an exmaples of what? Tissue
Neuron (nerve), Sperm and Egg are all examples of what? Cells
The heart, lungs, kidneys & bladder are all examples of what? Organs
Which human body system helps us to break down food into smaller pieces that can be used by the cells? Digestive System
Which human body system helps us to remove wastes? Excretory System
Which human body system helps us to transport needed materials to cells and wastes materials away from cells? Circulatory System
Which human body system helps us to get the oxygen we need to make energy? Respiratory System
Which human body system helps to protect us from diseases and infections? Immune System
What are the 3 parts of the Circulatory System? 1. Blood 2. Blood Vessels 3. Heart
Which human body system is made up of the lungs, kidneys, bladder, and skin? Excretory System
Which human body system is made up of the lungs, nose, diaphragm, trachea, and bronchi? respiratory System
Which human body system is made up of the stomach, intestines, esophagus and rectum? Digestive System
What is the name of the flap of tissue that stop food from going down the wrong pipe? Epiglottis
Where in the lungs does gas exchange occur? Alveoli (air sacs)
What is the name of the muscle that moves up and down to help us breathe in and out? Diaphragm
Which way does our diaphragm move when we breathe IN? DOWN
What do our lungs do when we breathe OUT? deflate
What is the name of the process by which we breathe IN? Inhale
What is the name of the process by which we breathe OUT? Exhale
What is the name of the process by which we use oxygen to get energy from our food? Respiration
Where is air warmed and moistened? Nose
What do we call the tiny hair-like structures in our nose, trachea and bronchial tubes that help clean the air we breathe? Cilia
What do we call the tiny finger-like structures in our small intestine that help us to absorb more nutrients from our food? Villi
What is the name of the process by which muscular contractions push food down the digestive tract? peristalsis
which digestive organ absorbs water from food into the blood stream? Large Intestine
Which digestive organ absorbs nutrients from food into the blood stream? Small Intestine
Which organ stores the solid wastes until they are removed? Rectum
Which organ stores liquid wastes until they are removed? Bladder
From where is carbon dioxide released? Mouth
From where is urine released? urethra
From where is feces released? Anus
What type of digestion includes: teeth crushing food and the stomach mashing & churning food? Mechanical
What type of digestion uses enzymes to break down food? Chemical
Which blood vessel carries blood AWAY from to heart? Artery
Which blood vessel carries blood back TO the heart? Vein
Which type of blood vessel is very thin and allows for the absorption of gases and nutrients across its walls? Capillaries
What is the liquid part of blood called? plasma
What part of blood delivers needed materials to the cells and carries wastes away from cells? Red Blood Cells
What part of blood protects us from pathogens (things that are bad for the body)? White Blood Cells
What part of blood creates clots (or scabs)? Platelets
What are the top chambers of the heart called? Atria
What are the bottom chambers of the heart called? Ventricles
What is the name of the muscle wall that seperates the heart? Septum
What is the name of the largest artery of the body? Aorta
What is the name of the trap doors in the heart that stop blood from moving baclwards? Valves
What organs filter (or clean) the blood and create unrine? Kidneys
What tubes connect the baldder to the kidneys? Ureter Tubes
What waste is removed from the lungs? Carbon Dioxide
What waste is removed from the skin? Sweat (water, salts)
WHat is the name of the food pipe? Esophagus
What do we call all of the unwanted bacteria, fungus or viruses that try to invade our bodies? Pathogens
Chicken pox, the common cold & the flu are all examples of . . . . ? Infectious Diseases (communicable)
What type of disease is caused by pathogens? Infectious Disease
What type of diseases are caused by genetics (your DNA)? Noninfectious
Which type of disease can not be spread from person to person through direct contact? Noninfectios
Cancer, asthma and heart disease are examples of . . . . ? Noninfectious Diseases
Where is oxygen poor blood pumped in order to get more oxygen? Lungs
Where is oxygen rich blood pumped? To the body cells
What is the name for the wind pipe? Trachea
Which chambers of the heart fills up with blood that is returning from the body? Atria
Which chambers of the heart pumps blood out to the body cells? Ventricles
Where does digestion begin? Mouth
Where does the most digestion take place? Small intestine
What is the name of your food pipe that connects the mouth and the stomach? esophagus
What is the name of the wind pipe that connects the nose/mouth to your lungs? trachea
What is the name of the opening through which solid wastes exit the body? Anus
What is the name of the opening through which liquid wastes exit the body? urethra
Where are 3 digestive organs through which food does NOT pass? LiverPancreasSalivary Glands
What is the job of the liver, pancreas, and salivary glands? To create enzymes that help break down our food chemically
What is the esophagus (fod pipe) made up of? Muscle
What is the trachea (wind pipe) made up of? cartilage
Created by: sloanescience