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Classification Revie

QuestionAnswer
What does it mean to be alive (7 characteristics)? Move, Reproduce, Grow & Develop, Respond to the environment, Excrete wastes, Need Energy, Made up of Cells
What is the name of the process in which organisms make more of the same kind? reproduction
If a species does not do this they will become extinct? Reproduce
Blood flowing through veins and a heart beating are examples of what type of movement? Circulation
Walking, running, flying, and swimming are examples of what type of movement? Locomotion
When an organism changes and becomes larger during its life, it is? Growth
Chewing up food to make it smaller so your cells can use it is an example of? Digestion
What is the process by which an organism removes waste materials? Excretion
When an organism reacts to its environment, it is? Responding
When an organism grows more complex during its life time (example: Humans going through puberty), we say they are: Developing
What is the process by which ALL living things use oxygen to get energy from their food? Respiration
What are 2 materials needed by ALL living things to go through respiration? Sugar and Oxygen
How do humans get the sugar they need for respiration? Food (consumers)
How do plants get the sugar they need for respiration? Photosynthesis (producers)
How do humans get the oxygen they need for respiration? Inhale (breathing)
What is made as a result of respiration? Energy, Water, and Carbon Dioxide
Do plants, animals or both go through respiration? BOTH!! (every living thing needs energy to survive)
What do we call the science of classification of living things? Taxonomy
What do we call placing organisms into groups based on similarities? Classification
Why do we classify living things? To make them easier to study and compare
Who developed the classification system we use today? Carol Linnaeus
Which level of classification contains the greatest variety of organisms? Kingdom
Which level of classification contains organisms that can reproduce and create fertile offspring with one another? Species
Which level of classification is the FIRST part of an organisms scientific name? Genus
Which level of classification is the SECOND part of an organisms scientific name? Species
Whhich level of classification is in the 4th spot when they are lined up from largest to smallest? Order
Which level of classification is made up of the most different type of organisms? Kingdoms
Which level of classification can be broken down into smaller groups called classes? Phlyum
if two organisms are in the same phylum, then they must also be in the same? Kingdom
What do we call Carol Linnaeus' two naming system? Binomial Nomenclature
What do we call organisms that can produce their own food by the process of photosynthesis? Autotrophs
What do we call organisms that must go and eat other organisms in order to obtain food? Heterotrophs
Are plants autotrophs or hetertrophs? Autotrophs
Are animals autotrophs or hetertrophs? Hetertrophs
What do we call organisms made up of more than 1 cell? Multicellular
What do we call organisms that are made up of only 1 cell? Unicellular
What type of organsims are made up of cells that DO have a nucleus Eukaryote
What type of organisms are made up of cells that have NO nucleus? Prokaryote
How many kingdoms of living things are there today? 6
Which kingdom is made up of living things that can survive in extreme conditions? Archaebacteria
Which kingdom is made up of organisms that can be found in yogurts and our stomachs? Eubacteria
Which kingdoms is made up of organisms that live in resh water? Protists
Which kingdom includes humans, insects, worms, fish, and birds? Animal
Which kingdom includes trees, grasses, and flowers? Plant
Which kingdom includes amebas, parameciums, and euglenas? Protist
Which kingdom includes mushrooms and molds? Fungi
What is the name of the key made up of 2 part questions that leads you to the name of an unknown organism? Dichotomous Key
What is a change in an organism's surroundings that causes it to react? Stimulus
What is an organism's reaction to a stimulus? Response
What is the scientific name of a human? Homo sapien
How many LEVELS of classification are there? 7
Created by: sloanescience