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Animal Behavior

APSC 3064

TermDefinition
Positive reinforcement adding something desirable to encourage repetition of a behavior
Negative reinforcement removing something undesirable to encourage repetition of a behavior
Positive correction adding something undesirable to discourage repetition of a behavior
Negative correction removing something desirable to discourage repetition of a behavior
Stereotypies repetitive, seemingly pointless movements
Hypothyroidism weight gain, lethargy, hair loss; contributes to anxiety, aggression and other behavior problems
Behavior-related seizures 'limbic epilepsy' or 'partial seizures'; aggression, extreme fear, appetive or predatory behavior; bizarre behavior and then period of reduced responsiveness; Springer rage(aggressive attacks directed toward owner)
Canine Cognitive Dysfunction equivalent of Alzheimer's disease; signs are similar to those in humans; pathological condition(not normal aging); plaques of protein are deposited between nerve cells in brain
Nocturnal Separation Anxiety hypervigilant, anxious, sensitive; possible causes are brain, bone, bladder, eye tumors, or severe arthritis of the spine
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) very rare in dogs; debatable whether this condition exists in dogs;
Narcolepsy dogs will fall asleep anywhere at anytime; single recessive gene prevents molecules called hypocretins from facilitating wakeful state
Pheromone a chemical compound produced and secreted by an animal that influences behavior and development of other members of same species
Serotonin acts both as a chemical messenger(neurotransmitter) that transmits nerve signals and causes blood vessels to narrow; levels in brain can alter mood(associated with pleasant, relaxed sensations)
Dopamine classified as catecholamine; used in treatment of Parkinson's disease
Separation Anxiety often misdiagnosed(or mislabeled) and can have many causes and symptoms; treatments are using pheromone diffusers and Rescue Remedy
REM Behavior Disorder violent movement disorder with vocalization, perambulation, wanton aggression while in deep sleep
Liver Shunts congenital vascular shunts that cause blood coming from intestines to bypass the liver instead of going through it; unprocessed toxins(ammonia) reach general circulation; causes inappetence, circling, disorientation, pacing, and staring
Lethal Acrodematitis inability to metabolize zinc properly; inflammation of lower extremities of limbs, especially paws
Lissencephaly rare; brain has a smooth, unwrinkled surface; serious neurological problem(learning difficulties, visual deficits)
Aversive unpleasant stimulus that does not get a result
Punishment stimulus that decreases frequency of immediately preceding behavior so that it is less likely to occur
Created by: David55900