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RNA virus table

VirusEnvelopeRNA structureCapsid symmetryMedical importance
Calcivirus N SS +linear Icosahedral Norwalk virus- viral gastroenteritis
Flavivirus Y SS +linear Icosahedral HCV, Yellow fever, Dengue, St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile virus
Togaviru Y SS +linear Icoshaderal Rubella (German measles), E. equine encephalitis, W. equine encephalitis
Retrovirus Y SS +linear Icosahedral HIV-AIDS, HTLV- T cell leukemia
Coronavirus Y SS +linear Helical Common cold, SARs
Orthomyxovirus Y SS -linear, 8 segments Helical Influenza
Paramyxovirus Y SS- linear, nosegmented, Helical PaRaMyxovirus Parainfluenza (croup), RSV (bronchiolitis), Rubeola (measles), Mumps
Rhabdovirus Y SS- linear Helical Rabies
Filovirus Y SS-linear Helical Ebola/Marbu hemorrhagic fever often fatal
Areanavirus Y SS- circular 2 segments Helical LCMV (lymphocytic choiromeningitis virus, Lassa fever virus- spread by mice
Bunyavirus Y SS circular 3 segments Helical California encephalitis, Sandfly/Rift valley fevers, Crimean-Congo fever, hantavirus (hemorrhagic fever, pneumonia
Deltavirus Y SS-circular Helical HDV
Reovirus N DS linear 10-12 Icosahedral Reovirus - Colorado tick fever Rotavirus - #1 cause of fatal diarrhea in children
Picornavirus N SS + linear Icosahedral PERCH: Polio: polio- Salk/Sabin- IPV/OPV Echo: aseptic meningitis Rhinovirus - common cold Coxsackie virus- aseptic meningitis, herpangina -febril pharyngitis (hand,foot mouth disease), myocarditis, HAV- acute hepatitis
Hepevirus N SS +linear Icosahedral HEV
Created by: ddecampo
 

 



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