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The Human Body

Muscular System and Respiratory System

TermDefinition
Major Functions of Muscular System Allows body movement by expanding and contracting, generates warmth, provides posture, and helps with digestion and circulation.
Three types of Muscle Tissue Skeletal, Smooth, and Cardiac
Skeletal Muscle Tissue Attaches to the bone to move the skeleton. Bicep is an example.
Smooth Muscle Tissue Makes up most organs. The stomach is an example.
Cardiac Muscle Tissue Muscle only found in the heart.
Biceps/triceps major muscles that help move the arm
Quadriceps/Hamstrings muscles that move the upper leg.
Heart another type of muscular organ in the body.
True or False Digestion and heart rate are controlled by involuntary muscles or muscles that you cant control.
Voluntary Muscles muscles that you can control such as moving your legs or arms.
What other systems does the muscular system work with? skeletal - for movement of body digestive - for proper function of digestive system circulatory - helps move blood throughout the body
Respiratory System also known as the Pulmonary System.
Respiratory System Functions Responsible for getting oxygen in to the body and removing carbon dioxide from the body.
Nostrils/Mouth Openings that allow air to enter the body
Trachiea Windpipe
Larynx voice box or Adam's apple
Bronchi tube that branches and enters each lung.
Bronchioles smaller tubes than branch from bronchi
Lungs spongy tissue where Oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange
Diaphragm dome shaped muscle that aids in breathing
Epiglottis small flap of tissue that closes off respiratory system when eating and closes off digestive system when talking or breathing
Alveoli small sacs at the end of the bronchioles where gas is exchanged.
Breathing is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs.
Respiration is the process by which a body gets and uses oxygen and releases carbon dioxide and water.
False Breathing and Respiration the same thing.
Respiratory and other systems Circulatory provides oxygen and removes waste products such as carbon dioxide and water from the cells. Muscular - helps expand and contract lungs
Created by: 200371966
 

 



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