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Science

TermDefinition
heredity the passing of traits from parents to offspring
genes small segments of chromosomes with a set of instructions donated by parents to offspring. Genes are found on chromosomes
alleles different forms of the same gene
genotype the inherited combination of alleles
phenotype organism's inherited physical appearance
recessive trait a trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles
dominant trait a trait observed when at least one dominant alleles
purebred/homozygous an organism with two same alleles for a trait
incomplete dominance/ heterozygous when an offspring inherits two different dominant alleles or two different recessive alleles and the traits blend.
hybrid/heterozygous an organism with two different alleles for a trait
sex chromosomes the X and Y chromosomes that is responsible for determining an organisms gender
Reginald Punnett developed a square that is used to visualize all the possible combinations of alleles in offspring resulting from a genetic cross
Gregor Mendel is considered the father of genetics. Was the fist to discover
Created by: tyler.iles94