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Minerals

Animal Nutrition

TermDefinition
mineral is integral component of hydroxyapatite crystals and is present as phytic acid in many plant sources Phosphorus
excessive intake of this mineral can lead to reduced feed intake and polioencephalomalacia Sulfur
addition of this mineral a 1ppm to drinking water reduces incidence of dental carries fluorine
Important for synthesis of triiodothyronine and thyroxine; deficiency of this mineral leads to enlargement of the thyroid gland iodine
primarily functions in body as an electrolyte potassium
concentration of this mineral is tightly regulated in the bloodstream and is critical to bone formation, muscle, and nerve excitability, blood clotting calcium
65% of this mineral is found in hemoglobin; deficiency symptoms are enlarged heart, unthriftiness, and heavy breathing Iron
Grazing pastures high in this mineral can result in decreased Cu absorption and diarrhea Molybdenum
This only known function of this mineral is for vitamin B12 synthesis Cobalt
can be either deficient or toxic in soils; common deficiency concern is white muscle disease Selenium
cofactor in over 300 enzymatic reactions; grazing livestock are at greatest risk of deficiency in early spring Magnesium
Most abundant element in earth's crust silicon
this mineral is located in skin, hair, and involved in keratinization; as result, deficiency symptoms include parakeratosis and poor hoof/foot health Zinc
allows for binding of Fe to transferrin, and incorporation of Fe hemoglobin and myoglobin; mineral accumulates in liver and is highly toxic to sheep copper
deficiency results in perosis or slipped tendons in birds manganese
Created by: David55900