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RNSG 1341

Musculoskeletal

QuestionAnswer
Contusion - Bleeding into soft tissue as a result of blunt force - Manifestation - Swelling - Discoloration of skin
Strain - Stretching injury to a muscle or a muscle-tendon unit - Manifestations - Pain/swelling - Limited motion - Muscle spasms/weakness
Sprain - Stretch/tear of ligaments surrounding joint - Manifestations - Feeling of a "pop" or tear - Discoloration - Rapid swelling - Pain
Care for sprains, strains and contusions RICE: rest, ice, compression and elevation
Causes of rotator cuff injuries - tendinitis, bursitis and partial/complete muscle tears - repetitive use injury - degenerative changes of tissues
Dislocation Ends of bones displaced out of normal position and articulation is lost.
Subluxation Partial dislocation with partial contact
Joint dislocation Causes pain, deformity and limited motion of affected joint
Treatment of joint dislocation Manual traction, surgery, immobilization, closed reduction, RICE, NSAIDs, PT
Nursing diagnosis for joint dislocation Risk for peripheral Neurovascular dysfunction, Acute pain, Impaired physical mobility
Fracture Break in the continuity of a bone
What causes fractures? Direct blow, compression, torsion, severe muscle contraction, disease
Classifications of a fracture Closed (simple), or open (compound), Complete or incomplete, Stable (non-displaced) or unstable (displaced), Oblique or spiral
Created by: pdimple