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Earth's Surface

The movement of the Earth's places is called _____ Plate tectonics
The movement of Earth's plates can cause _______ earthquakes, which is the vibrating or shaking of the Earth's crust
A ______ is used to measure and record the energy from an earthquake's vibrations. Seismograph; scientists can study data from a seismograph to determine the motion of the ground during an earthquake and the location of the earthquake
The _____________ rates the magnitude (strength) of earthquakes. Richter Scale; earthquakes are measured between 1-10, 1 being very slight to 10 being very destructive
______ are breaks in the Earth's crust where two boundary plates meet. Faults
Molten rock that is found in the Earth's mantle and outer core is called ______. Magma
When molten rock reaches the Earth's surface it is called _____. Lava
What are three examples of volcano types? Cinder cone, Composite, and shield
An ________ is a large chain of islands that were formed from submarine (underwater) volcanoes. archipelago; The Hawaiian Islands are an example
Volcanic eruptions can also create ______ Mountains
When a volcano erupts, it causes ____ A lava flow; as the lava cools it forms a layer of volcanic rock that buries all living things in the path
When rock layers in the Earth's crust bend, they form _____ folds
What is a surface feature formed by the constructive (building up) process of a volcano? The lava pours up out of the volcano and builds up the land around the volcano.
What is a surface feature that is formed by the destructive process of a volcano? After the volcano erupts a crater is left. This destruction of the land in part of the destructive process.
Created by: iamcwallace



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