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Science study guide

TermDefinition
atmosphere the mixture of gases surrounding a planet
biosphere all the living things on a planet
channel a long, narrow groove that forms where water, lava, or other liquid flows
claim a proposed answer to a question about the natural world
climate general weather patterns over a long period of time
compare to notice how two or more things are alike or different
crescent moon a moon phase that looks like less than a half circle from Earth
energy the ability to make things move or change
evidence information about the natural world that is used to support or go against (refute) a claim
exomoon a moon outside of our solar system
exoplanet a planet outside of our solar system
full moon a moon phase that looks like a full circle from Earth
geosphere the solid part of a rocky planet
gibbous moon a moon phase that looks like more than a half circle from Earth
habitable having the conditions necessary to support life
hydrosphere all the liquid water and solid water (ice) on a planet
illuminate to shine light on an object and make it visible
model an object, diagram, or computer program that helps us understand how a system, or part of a system, works
moon a rocky sphere that travels around a planet
new moon a moon phase where the Moon is not visible from Earth
ocean current ocean water flowing in a continuous path
orbit the nearly circular path a smaller object (like the Moon) travels around a larger object (like Earth)
pattern something we observe to be similar over and over again
prevailing winds winds that move in one direction and are strong enough to push ocean currents
quarter moon a moon phase that looks like a half circle from Earth
reasoning the process of making clear how your evidence supports your claim
scale the relative size of things
scientific argument a claim supported by evidence
solar system the sun, the planets that orbit the sun, and other objects that orbit the sun
system a set of interacting parts forming a complex whole
sun the star that is the main source of light at the center of our solar system
temperature a measure of how hot or cold something is; the higher the temperature is, the more energy it has.
terminator the border between light and dark on the Moon
transfer to move energy from one object to another or one place to another
year the amount of time it takes for a planet to complete one orbit around a star or stars
cause an event or process that leads to a result or change
claim a hypothesis
effect a result or change that happens because of an event or process
El Niño a climate pattern where water near the equator gets hotter than usual and affects the weather around the world; El Niño happens in the Pacific Ocean
gyre a giant pattern of moving water that spans whole oceans and moves water from place to place in a circle
latitude the distance of a place north or south of the Earth's equator
solar system the sun, the planets that orbit the sun, and other objects that orbit the sun
system a set of interacting parts forming a complex whole
sun the star that is the main source of light at the center of our solar system
temperature a measure of how hot or cold something is; the higher the temperature is, the more energy it has.
terminator the border between light and dark on the Moon
transfer to move energy from one object to another or one place to another
year the amount of time it takes for a planet to complete one orbit around a star or stars
cause an event or process that leads to a result or change
claim a hypothesis
effect a result or change that happens because of an event or process
El Niño a climate pattern where water near the equator gets hotter than usual and affects the weather around the world; El Niño happens in the Pacific Ocean
gyre a giant pattern of moving water that spans whole oceans and moves water from place to place in a circle
latitude the distance of a place north or south of the Earth's equator
Created by: Amowery