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The Nature of Heat

FME: Chapter Six, Section Two

TermDefinition
heat thermal energy that is transferred from one subtance to another.
conduction the transfer of heat between particles within a subtance. (Think: direct contact)
convection the transfer of heat by the movement of currents within a fluid. (Think: liquids and gasses)
convection current a current caused by the rising of heated fluid and sinking of cooled fluid.
radiation the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves.
direction of heat heat is transferred from a warmer subtance to a cooler subtance.
conductor a material that easily transfers heat between its particles.
insulator a material that does not easily transfer heat between its particles.
specific heat the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of a subtance by one kelvin. (Think: each subtance requires different amount of heat to change its temperature.)
examples of conductors silver, stainless steel, iron, gold (Think: metals)
examples of insulators wood, wool, paper, cork, air, gasses, down feathers, fiberglass
Created by: wtr6thscience