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CH 11 VOCAB DEF.

TermDefinition
Nucleotides 4 small subunits
Strands linked nucleotides
Double Helix ladder twisted lengthwise into circular staircase
Complementary Base Pairs A=T, G=C
DNA replication produce 2 identical DNA double helices
DNA helicase enzymes that break apart helix
DNA polymerase enzymes that synthesize a DNA polymer
DNA ligase enzymes that ties DNA together
Semiconservative repetition a process in which DNA replication conserves one parental DNA strand and produces one new strand
Mutation defective genes
Deletion Mutation occurs when one or more nucleotide pairs are removed from helix
Inversion occurs when a piece of DNA is cut out of a chromosome, turned around, & reinserted in
Translocation results when a chunk of DNA, large, is removed from one chromosome and attached to another one
Point Mutation a mutation in which a single base pair in DNA has changed (nucleotide substitutions)
insertion mutation occurs when 1 or more nucleotide pairs are inserted into helix
Created by: LizChick295
 

 



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