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Cell Division

QuestionAnswer
Why do cells divide ? to grow, reproduce and repair
First phase of cell division? interphase
G1, cell grows
S DNA copies itself
G2 organelles are copied
Mitosis stages Prophase, Metaphase , Anaphase , Telophase/ Cytokinesis
Prophase (mitosis first phase of mitosis , DNA forms into chromosomes
Metaphase (mitosis chromosomes line up
Anaphase (mitosis chromosomes separate
Telophase spindle fibers disappear
Cytokinesis cytoplasm is divided
What cells does mitosis make ? gamete cells
Meiosis will make how many unique daughter cells? 4
Nondisjunction the uneven distribution of chromosomes
Down syndrome has an extra what chromosome ?? 21
How many daughter cells does meiosis make ?? 4
How many rounds does meiosis have?? 2
Chromatin noodle
Chromatid condensed up
sister chromatids duplicated strands of DNA
homologous pairs 2 pair of chromosomes that code for the same gene
tetrad 2 homologous chromosomes together
diploid two sets of chromosomes
haploid single set of chromosomes
gamete cell sex cell
somatic cell body cells
meiosis produces sex cells
mitosis produces body cells
meiosis PMAT
Interphase stage of cycle with no division
Prophase 1 crossing over takes place
Metaphase 1 homologous chromosomes line up
Anaphase 1 homologous chromosomes separate
Telophase 1 results in 2 haploid cells
Prophase 2 nuclear envelope breaks down and spindle fibers form
Metaphase 2 chromosomes line up in singles in the center
Anaphase 2 sister chromatids separate
Telophase 2 results in 4 haploid cells
binary fission process in which prokaryotic cells divide
missing extra chromosomes causes disorders like cancer
Created by: fernanda2019