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What is the job of the circulatory system? To transport oxygenated blood throughout the body.
What are the 3 main parts of the circulatory system? Heart, blood, and blood vessels.
Name the four chamber of the heart. Left and Right Atria, Left and Right Ventricles.
What is the lub-dub sound? Valves opening and closing.
Name the three types of blood vessels. Arteries, veins, and capillaries .
What two things help blood and veins return to the heart? One way valves and veins.
What do the 2 numbers recorded while measuring blood pressure represent? The first number is the patient's blood pressure walking, and the second number is the patient's blood pressure resting.
How much blood is in the average adult? 8.5 liters.
What are the four components of blood? Red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, and platelets.
What does the hemoglobin do for the circulatory system? The hemoglobin carries oxygen.
What is the difference between an artery and a vein? Arteries carry oxygenated blood and veins carry deoxygenated blood.
What is the largest artery in your body? Aorta.
Blood leaving the right side of the lungs is headed where? To the lungs.
What gas exchange takes place in the lungs? Oxygen enters and carbon dioxide exits.
If blood is traveling through the aorta, where is it going? To the body cells.
Is blood traveling through the aorta oxygenated or deoxygenated? Oxygenated.
What gas exchange takes place in the capillaries throughout the body? Oxygen enters the cells, and carbon dioxide diffuses into the blood to be taken out.
What separates the atria from the ventricles? Valves.
Which chamber of the heart is the strongest and most muscular? Why? Left ventricle because it has to pump blood with a lot of force.
What is the main function of the respiratory system? To take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide.
Trace the path of air flow into your body, starting with mouth/nose and ending in alveoli. Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchus, bronchioles, alveoli.
What is breathing? The process of inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide.
What is respiration? Cells= the release of energy from food. Organisms= the gas exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Why is the heart so important to survival? It pumps blood through our body.
What muscle controls the breathing process? The diaphragm.
What happens in the alveoli? Gas exchanges.
What is the purpose of the epiglottis? To cover the esophagus or trachea.
Created by: carolineconner



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