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medical terminology for male reproductive systems

balan/o glans penis
epididym/o epididymis
orch/o testis or testicle
perine/o perineum
prostat/o prostate
sperm/o sperm (seed)
vas/o vessel
scrotum a bag; skin covered pouch in the groin that is divided into 2 sacs
testis (testicle) one of the two male reproductive glands. produce sperm and testosterone
sperm male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the ovum in the female to produce offspring
epididymis coiled duct on top and at the side of the testis that stores sperm before emission
penis erectile tissuer covered with skin tat contains the urethra for urination and ducts for the secretion of seminal fluid
glans penis bulging structure at the distal end of the penis (glans= acorn)
prepuce foreskin
vas deferens duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
seminal vesicle one of two sac like structures lying behing the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side--secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
semen mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands descharged from the male urethra during orgasm
ejaculatory duct duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
prostate gland trilobular gland that encirlces the urethra just below the bladder---secretes an alkaline fluid into the semen
bulbourethral glands pair of glands below the prostate with ducts opening into the urethra--adds a viscid (sticky) fluid to the semen
perineum external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva and anus in a female
spermatic cord cord containing the vas deferens, arteries, weins, lymph vessels, and nerves that extends from the internal inguinal ring through the inguinal canal to each testicle
aspermia inability to secrete or ejaculate sperm
azoospermia semen without living spermatozoa, a sign of infertility in the male
oligospermia scanty production and expulsion of sperm
mucopurulent discharge drainage of mucus and pus
anorchism absence of one or both testes
balanitis inflammation of glans penis
cryptochism undescended testicle. usually lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal. requires surgery
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
hydrocele hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis
hypospadias congenial opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis
erectile dysfunction (ED) failure to initiate or maintain an erection. either physical or psychological dsyfunction. impotence
Peyronie disease disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum causing paoin and a defective curvature of the penis
phimosis narrowed condition of the prepuce (foreskin) resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis, leads to infection. commonly requires circumcision
benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy (BPH) enlargement of the prostate gland; frequently seen in older men, causing urinary obstruction
prostate cancer malignancy of the prostate gland
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate
spermatocele painless, benign cystic mass containing sperm lying above and posterior to the testicle, but separate from it
testicular cancer malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm--classified in two groups according to growth potential
seminoma most common type of testicular tumor, composed of immature germ cells--highly treatable with early detection
nonseminomas testicular tumors arising form more mature germ cells that have a tendency to be more aggressive than seminomas; often develop earlier in life
varicocele enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near the testis
chlamydia (bacterial STD) most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America. no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread
gonorrhea (bacterial STD) contagious inflammation of the genital muccous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus
syphilis (bacterial STD) infectious disease caused by a spirochete transmitted by direct intimate contact that may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifested first on the skin
hepatitis B virus (viral STD) causes inflammation of the liver as a result of transmission through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, semen, and blood
herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) (viral STD) causes ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (viral STD) causes AIDS. permits various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurological diseases; contracted through exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid
human papilloma virus (HPV) transmitted by direct sexual contact. causes infection that occurs on the skin or mucous membranes of genitals. flat wart like or cauliflower appearance
biopsy (Bx) tissue sampling used to identify neoplasia
biopsy of the prostate needle biopsy of the prostate often performed using ultrasound guidance
testicular biopsy biopsy of a testicle
digital rectal exam (DRE) insertion of a finger into the male rectum to palpate the rectum and prostate
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test blood test used to screen for prostate cancer; an elevated level of the antigen indicates the possible presence of tumor
urethrogram x-ray of the urethra and prostate
semen analysis study of semen
endorectal (transrectal) sonogram of the prostate scan of the prostate made after introducing an ultrasonic transducer into the rectum--also used to guide needle biopsy
circumcision removal of the foreskin, exposing the glans penis
epididymectomy removal of an epididymis
orchiectomy removal of a testicle
orchioplasty repair of a testicle
orchiopexy fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum
prostatectomy excision of the prostate gland
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) removal of protastic gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope, a specialized urological endoscope. common treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy (BPH)
vasectomy removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male
vasovasostomy restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility after vasectomy
chemotherapy treatment of malignancies, infections and other dieseases with chemical agents that destroy selected celss or impair their ability to reproduce
cancer immunotherapy treatment of cancer by stimulating the patients own immune repsonse by transfer of immune components such as antibodies or T cells from an outside source to kill cancer cells
radiation therapy treatment of neoplastic disease by using radiation to deter the proliferation of malignant cells
brachytherapy radiation technique involving internal implantation of radioactive isotopes, such as radioactive seeds to treat prostate cancer
hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use of a hormone to remedy a deficiency or regulate production
penis prosthesis implantation of a device designed to provide an erection of the penis used to trea physical impotence
penile self-injection intracavernosal injection therapy causing an erection-- used to treat ED.
Created by: jsarver11