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Grammar Terms

Comp. 12

Noun person, place, thing or idea
Pronoun word takes the place of a noun
Verb shows action or state of being
Adverb describes a verb, adjective, or adverb
Adjective describes a noun or pronoun
Interjection shows strong emotion
Conjunction joins words or groups of words
Preposition a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence
Verbal formed from verbs but is used as a different part of speech
Infinitive verbal used as a noun, adjective or adverb preceded by the word "to"
Participle verbal used as an adjective
Clause group of words used that has a subject and a predicate and that is used as part of a sentence
Independent clause a clause that can stand alone in a sentence
Subordinate clasue a clause that cannot stand as a sentence
Phrase group of words used as a part of speech and not containing a verb and its subject
Complements completes the thought of a sentence
Direct object answers the questions what or whom after a subject and action verb
Indirect object answers the questions to whom or for whom or for what after an action verb
Predicate noun noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames the subject
Predicate adjective follows a linking verb and describes the subject
Gerund verb ending in -ing and used as a noun
Subject part of the sentence about which you are speaking or talking
Simple subject main word or words in the subject
Predicate part of the sentence that talks about the subject
Simple predicate main word or groups of words in the predicate (verb)
Noun clause subordinate clause used as person, place, thing, or idea
Adjective clause subordinate clause gives more information about a noun, pronoun, or gerund
Adverb clause subordinate clause that tells when, where, how, why or under what conditions
Prepositional phrase group of words that begins with a preposition and usually end with a noun or noun
Sentence group of words that express a complete thought
Simple sentence a sentence with only the main clause
Compound sentence A sentence with tow or more main clauses
Complex sentence One main clause with one or more subordinate clauses added
Compound-complex sentence two or more main clauses with one or more subordinate clauses
Declarative sentence makes a statement
Imperative sentence gives a command
Interrogative sentence asks a question
Exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling/emotion
Created by: KayleemWhite