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Macromolecules

QuestionAnswer
List 3 Macromolecules carbohydrates lipids proteins
All of the above molecules are organic molecule What elements is present in all organic molecules? carbon
Why is carbon so special? it is in all living things
What are 3 foods that are simple sugars? candy fruit cookie
What are 3 foods that are complex sugars? bread pasta oatmeal
What is the primary function of carbohydrates in plants and animals? quick energy
What is the second function of carbohydrates in plants? structure
Draw a general structure of single sugar molecule
What elements make up carbohydrates? carbon hydrogen oxygen CHO
What molecule can be immediately used for energy by the cell? glucose
What life process converts these molecules into energy for the cell? cellular respiration
Animal store excess carbohydrates in the form of? glycogen
Name 3 types of carbohydrates monosaccharide disaccharide polysaccharide
Give the definition and example of monosaccharide single sugar molecule ex: glucose
Give the definition and example of disaccharide two sugar molecule ex: lactose
Give the definition and example of polysaccharide many sugar molecule ex: glycogen
Draw the diagram for monosaccharide
Draw the diagram for disaccharide
Draw the diagram for a polysaccharide
Draw the process of dehydration synthesis acting on carbohydrates-include reactant and products
Draw the process of hydrolysis acting on carbohydrates-include reactants and products
Which process occurs when packaging carbohydrates for storage? dehydration synthesis
Which process occurs when you need to get energy from storage? hydrolysis
What are 5 foods that are saturated? red meat lard cheese coconut oil butter
What are 3 foods that are unsaturated? avocado olive oil peanut butter
What are the 4 functions of lipids? long term energy form cell membrane cushion organs insulation
What elements are found in lipids? carbon hydrogen oxygen sometimes p or s CHOPS
What are 2 types of fats? saturated mono unsaturated
What is the structure for saturated fats? no double bond full of hydrogen
What is the structure for mono unsaturated fat? one double bond
Draw the diagram for mono unsaturated fat
Is saturated fat a solid or a liquid at room temperature? solid
Is mono unsaturated fat a solid or a liquid at room temperature? liquid
Draw the process of dehydration synthesis acting on triglyceride- include reactants and products
Draw the process of hydrolysis acting on a triglyceride- include reactants and products
What process is used when breaking down fat molecule to get energy? hydrolysis
What process is used when storing fat molecules for later energy used? dehydration synthesis
What are 4 foods high in proteins? cheese beef pumpkin seeds soy beans
What is the difference between essential and nonessential amino acids? nonessential acids are made by your body where essential can't be made by your body but by your diet
What is the 4 main functions of proteins? Explain antibodies- protect against diseases enzymes- speed up chemical reaction body structure- make up cartilage, bones, muscles, hair, etc. hormones- regulate body function such as growth, digestion, sexual reproduction
What elements are found in proteins? carbon hydrogen oxygen nitrogen CHON
What are building blocks that make up proteins? amino acids
What are two things that determine the function of a protein? sequence of protein shape of protien
What are the 4 levels of proteins? primary (1st level) secondary (2nd level) tertiary (3rd level) quaternary (4th level)
What level of order is primary? order of sequence of amino acids of polypeptide
What level of order is secondary? twist (alpha helix) fold (beta strands)
What level order is tertiary? fold into a "glob"
What level of order is quaternary? large assembly of several protein molecules
Draw the process of dehydration synthesis acting on proteins- include reactants and products
Draw the process of hydrolysis acting on a protein- include reactants and products
Created by: Thanhvy