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Cells

QuestionAnswer
Cell Wall made of cellulose-only found in plant and is a bacteria provides rigidity, shape and protection-has a strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in some cells most bacteria in plant cells are enclosed by a cell wall
How many percent of the bacteria is water? 80-90%
Is a bacteria a prokaryote or eukaryote prokaryote
Cell Membrane thin, flexible barrier that surronds all cells regulates what enters and leaves the cell found in plants and animals-and is a bacteria
Ribosome site of protein synthesis-found in plants and animals and is a bacteria make up proteins that will be utilized inside or outside of the cell consisting of RNA and proteins from throughout of cytoplasm in a cell
Where is bacteria found? everywhere (plants, dirt, soil, air, in your body, etc.)
Smooth ER makes lipids and hormones-found in plants and animals and isn't a bacteria it processes toxins and found in large quantities in the liver has a double membrane and no ribosomes
Canals that enable the transport of materials throughout the cell is called? ER
What type of cell is a bacteria? single cell
Rough ER composed of flattish sealed sacs responsible for production and exports of proteins, glycoproteins, and hormones has ribosomes-found in plants and animals and isn't a bacteria
Nucleus round membrane bound organelle that serves as the control center for cell metabolism and reproduction largest organelle contains the cells genetic material cell DNA found in plants and animals-isn't a bacteria
Eukaryote organisms whose cells contain a nucleus found in plants and animals
How does bacteria reproduce? binary fission budding fragmentation
Where is the site of protein synthesis? ribosomes
Prokaryote unicellular organism that doesn't have a nucleus found in bacteria
Cytoplasm watery material that lies between the cell membrane and nucleus many reactions for cell metabolism to take place found in plants and animals-is a bacteria
What shapes are bacteria? round rod spiral
Organelle specialized structure that performs important cellular functions within a cell
Vacuole enclosed by membrane and typically contains water, sugars, and wastes found in plants and animals-isn't a bacteria plant: central vacuole animal: small vacuole
Where is the site of photosynthesis? chloroplast
Golgi Bodies stacks of flattened membrane sacs that serves as the post office for the cell modifies, sorts, packages, and store products in cell, or releases it outside of the cell found in plants and animals-isn't a bacteria
What is the most import growth factors for a bacteria? moisture pH temperature
Mitochondria powerhouse of the cell double membrane outer and inner cellular respirations occurs found in plants and animals-isn't a bacteria
What are small sacks that contain digestive enzymes? vacuoles
Chloroplast contains chlorophyll and has a double membrane site of photosynthesis found in plants-isn't bacteria
Lysosome digestion and waste removal occurs-breaks down lipids, proteins, carbohydrates into small molecules that can be used for the rest of the cell breaks down old organelles- found in plants and animals- isn't a bacteria
How does a bacteria move? flagella and cilia
Plasma Membrane another way to call the cell membrane it controls the movement of molecules into and out of the cell
What is the energy producing organelle? mitochondria
Selective Premeability it controls the movement of molecules into and out of the cell allows some substances to pass across it while others cannot
How is DNA represented in a bacteria? circular chromosomes
What is the membrane made of? phospholipid bilayer
What is the structure that controls the movement of materials in and out of the cell in both plant and animal cells? cell membrane
What part of the phospholipid is hydrophilic? phosphate head
What part of the phospholipid hydrophobic? fatty acid tails
What is the control center of the cell that contains DNA? nucleus
What is embedded in the phospholipid bilayer? proteins
What packs and sorts materials for the cell? glogi bodies
Some of the membrane proteins have? carbohydrate chains
Diffusion molecules of a substance tend to move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
Concentration Gradient the difference between an area of high concentration and an area of low concentration
What provides internal structure for plant cells? cytoplasm
Osmosis diffusion of water
Which direction does water move across membranes? down
Homeostasis relatively constant internal physical and chemical conditions that organisms maintain
Isotonic Solution concentration is the same inside and outside of the cell
Hypertonic Solution concentration of solute is higher outside of the cell
Hypotonic Solution concentration of solute is lower outside the cell
Passive Transport materials move with the concentration gradient from high to low concentration
Does passive transport require energy? no
What are 3 types of passive transport? simple diffusion facilitated diffusion osmosis
Active Transport materials may move against the concentration gradient from low to high concentration
Does active transport require energy? yes
What are 2 types of active transport? endocytosis exocytosis
Simple Diffusion going through the bilayer
Facilitated Diffusion going through proteins molecules pass across the membrane through cell membrane channels
Vesicle a sac created from cell membrane
Endocytosis the process of transporting materials into the cells by mean of a vesicle
Exocytosis movement of materials out of the cell
What are the 3 parts of the Cell Theory? all living things are made of cells or products of those things new cells and only from other living cells-bacteria dividing all cells carry on life activities (processes)
Created by: Thanhvy