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micro memorize

QuestionAnswer
What are the molecules that induce TNF and IL-1 Teichoic acid (gram positive), Lipid A (Endotoxin) of the outer membrane of gram negative organisms
Spores are made of Dipicolinic acid, keratin-like coat
Capsule protects against phagocytosis and is made of glycoprotein
Gram positive rods. Which one have spores? My List of Bacteria are Close to Corn: Mycobacteria, Listeria, Bacilius, clostridium, cornybacterium. Spores (corynbacteriu, listeria)
Mycoplasma contain ____, Mycobateria contain Mycoplasma = sterols, no cell wall; Mycobateria = High lipid content, contains mycolic acid
Gram stain limitations "These Rascals May Microscopically Lack Color": Treponema (dk field, fluorescent Ab), Rickettsiae (gram - pleomorphic intracellular parasite, Mycobacteria (acid fast), Mycoplasma, Legionella (silver), Chlamydia (intracellular parasite, lacks muramic acid)
Giemsa Borrelia, plasmodium, trypanosomes, Chlamydia
PAS PASs the sugar (stains glycogen, mucopolysaccharides, used to diagnose Whipple's disease)
Ziehl-Neelsen Acid-fast bacteria
India ink Cryptococcus neoformans
Silver stain Legionella, fungi
Chocolate agar with factors ____, and ____ Factors V (NAD), X (hematin) = H. influenzae
Thayer Martin N. Gonorrhoeae
Bordet-Gengou (potatoe) agar B. pertussis
Tellurite plate, Loffler's media C. diptheriae
Lowenstein-Jensen agar M. tuberculosis
Eaton's sugar M. pneumoniae
Eosin-methylene blue (EMB) (blue-black colonies with metallic sheen) E. coli
Pink colonies on MacConkey's agar Lactose-fermenting enterics
Charcoal yeast extract agar buffered with increased iron and cysteine Legionella
Sabouraud's agar Fungi
Obligate aerobes "Nagging Pests Must Breathe". Nocardia, Pseudomonas aeroginosa, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Bacillus.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is seen in Burn wounds, nosocomial pneumonia, pneumonias in cystic fibrosis,
Obligate anaerobes "Anaerobes Can't Breathe Air" Actinomyces, Clostridium, Bacteriodes
Anaerobes are nomrally present in ___ but abnormal any where else. Produce ___ and ___ in tissue. Foul smelling is due to ____ production Normally present in the GI tract. Produce H2 and Co2 in tissue. Generally fould smelling (short-chain fatty acids).
____ are antibiotics that are generally ineffective in treating anaerobes Aminoglycosides are ineffective against anaerobes because these antibiotics require O2 to enter the bacterial cell
Intracellular bugs come in two types: ___,____ Obligate intracellular, facultative intracellular
Obligate intracellular bugs include ____. They cannot produce ____ on their own. Rickettsia, chlamydiae. (ATP)
Facultative intracellular "Some Nasty Bugs May Live FacultativeLY"Salmonella, Neisseria, Brucella, Mycobacterium, Listeria, Francisella, Legionella, Yersinia
Encapsulated bacteria. Bacteria that have positive quellung reaction. "Some Nasties have Kapsules" (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, haemophilus influenzae (B serotype), Klebisella pneumoniae.
Urease positive bugs "Particular Kinds Have Urease" (Proteus, Klebsiella, H. pyloria, Ureaplasma)
Yellow pigment producing S. aureus
Blue-Green pigment Pseudomona aeruoginosa
Red pigment Serratia marcescens (red maraschino cherries)
Mneumonics:Gram stain limitations, Obligate aerobes, Obligate anaerobes, Obligate intracellular, facultative intracellular, urease positive bugs These Rascals May Microscopically Lack Color, Nagging Pests Must Breathe, Anaerobes Can't Breathe Air, Stay inside when it is Really Cold, Some Nasty Bugs May Live FacultativeLY, Some Nasties Have Kapsules, Particular Kinds Have Kapsules
Created by: ddecampo