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Envro Defenitions

Definitions for Enviro 11

Groundwater Discharge The volumetric flow rate of groundwater through an aquifer
Groundwater Recharge The process where water moves downward from surface water to groundwater
Confined Aquifer is an aquifer below the land surface that is saturated with water. Layers of impermeable material are both above and below the aquifer, causing it to be under pressure
Unconfined Aquifer A groundwater aquifer is said to be unconfined when its upper surface (water table) is open to the atmosphere through permeable material.
Artesian well a well in which water is under pressure,one in which the water flows to the surface naturally
Water table the level below which the ground is saturated with water.
Water table well A well that goes into the water table.
Infiltration The process in which surface water enters the soil.
Percolation The process of liquid passing trough a filter
Evaporation A liquid that turns to a gas
Condensation A gas that turns to a liquid
Soil the upper layer of earth in which plants grow
Watershed/ drainage basin Image result for Watershed/ drainage basin definition Drainage basin, also called Catchment Area, or (in North America) Watershed, area from which all precipitation flows to a single stream or set of streams.
Divide A line on a water table on either side of which the water table slopes downward. It is analogous to a drainage divide between two drainage basins on a land surface.
Intermittent stream normally cease flowing for weeks or months each year
Ephemeral stream a stream that flows only briefly during and following a period of rainfall in the immediate locality.
Uplands An area of high or hilly land.
Stream order Is a measure of related size of streams.
Riparian Vegetation A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream
Transpiration Transpiration is the process where plants absorb water through the roots and then give off water vapour through the pores in their leaves.
Precipitation rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground.
Created by: rc.squad