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Pharm 5&6

Pharmocology Module 5&6

What is a Cation? Cations have a positive charged ions
What is an Anion? Anions have negative charged ions
What measurement is used for electrolytes in the blood? mEq. Milliequivalents.
Which diagnosis cause a risk for fluid imbalances? Burns, Cardiovascular disorders, Gastroenteritis, Hormone disturbances, renal disorders.
What is Isotonic? When cells are in an isotonic solution, movement of water out of the cell is exactly balanced by movement of water into the cell.
What is Hypertonic? Is one that is more concentrated than body fluids and draws out fluid into the intravascular compartment from the more dilute areas within the cells and interstitial spaces.
What is Hypotonic? Contains fewer dissolved substances in comparison to plasma and is effective in re-hydration in patients experiencing fluid deficits.
What is a Arrhythmia? An abnomality in the rhythm of the heart.
What is Cirrhosis? A chronic disease of the liver.
What is a crackle? Abnormal lung sound usually indicating water/ fluid (Congestion)
What is dyspnea? Air hunger resulting in labored or difficulty breathing.
What is an electrolyte? Charged Ion that can conduct electricity; present in all body fluids.
What is hemoglobin? Protein in the blood that carries oxygen in the blood.
What is Hematocrit? Percentage of blood in plasma.
What is Hypervoemia? Extreme volume of fluid.
What is Hypovoemia? Less than adequate volume of fluid.
What is intracellular fluid? is located within the cells and is approximately 2/3 of body fluids.
What is oliguria? Low urine output.
What is Syncope? Temporary loss of consciousness.
What is specific gravity? Weight of a substance compared with an equal volume of water.
What is an A-V shunt? atreiovenous access for hemodialysis.
What is a cannula? Plastic sheath surrounding needle; also known as an angiocath.
What does distal mean? Point farthest away from midline.
What is infiltration? Infusion of fluid into tissue.
What is the MAR and what does it do? Medication Administration Record. Keeps track of all meds. given and keeps a consensus of what meds are ordered for that person.
NPO? Nothing by mouth.
What does it mean to palpate? To examine by touch, with purpose of diagnosis.
What is phlebitis? Inflammation of veins.
What is Thrombophlebitis? The inflamation of a vein with the formation of a clot.
What does Varicosity mean? A twistin vein with blood pooled inside the loops which compromise circulation.
When is IV therapy contradicted? The elderly with age related vascular changes, very young persons with immature circulatory system and patients with existing cardiac, hepatic, and renal disease.
What is sodium normal range? 134-142 mEq/L
What is calcium normal range? 4.5-5.8 mEq/L
What is Potassium normal range? 3.5-5.5 mEq/L
What is magnesium normal range? 1.5-2.4
What does D5W mean? 5% Dextrose and water.
What does LR eman? Lactated Ringer
What does D50.45%NS mean? 50% Dextrose and half normal saline
What does NS mean? Normal saline
What does 0.45% NS mean? Half normal saline
What does TPN mean? Total Paternal nutrition
What does a decreased hemaglobin and hematocrit level mean? Fluid overload
What does an increased hemaglobin and hematocrit level mean? Fluid deficit
Created by: Saraheliza14