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EMT Medical Terms

Medical Terminology for beginning EMT-Basic Students

QuestionAnswer
a- without
ab-, abs- away from (opposite of ad)
ad- toward, to (opposite of ab)
Appendic/o- appendix
Arteri/o- artery
Arthr/o- joint
Ather/o - Plaque or fatty substance
ambi- both, around
ante- before
anti- against
Cardi/o- heart
Col/o- colon
Chondr/o- cartilage
dia- To carry
dys- abnormal; difficult (opposite of eu)
end- within
Enter/o- Small intestine
epi- over
eu- well, good, normal (opposite of dys)
ex- out of, away from
exo- external, on the outside
Gastr/o- stomach
hemi- half
Hem/o- Relating to blood
hyper- above normal; overly (opposite hypo)
hypo- below normal (opposite of hyper)
inter- between (don't confuse with intra)
intra- within (don’t confuse with inter)
iso- equal, same
Laryng/o- larynx
mal- bad; inadequate
meg/a- large
Megal/o- large
mes- middle, median
meta- after
micr(o)- small, microscopic
mon(o)- single
multi- many
My/o- muscle
Myc/o- fungus
Myel/o- Spinal cord or bone marrow
Nephr/o- Kidney or renal function
Neur/o- nerve
Oste/o- bone
Ot/o- ear
pan-, pant(o)- all, entire
per- through, intensely
peri- around, about, near
poly- many
post- after, following
pre- before
pro- before, forward
Py/o- Pus or puerile
Rhin/o- Nose or nasal passage
sub- less than, under, inferior (opposite of super)
super- more than, above, superior (opposite of sub)
supra- above, over
tachy- fast
-ad toward
-al Pertaining to
-algia Pain & suffering
-crine secreting
-cyte cell
- cytosis condition of cells
-derma condition of cells
-dynia pain
-ectasia expansion, dilation
-ectomy removal of
-edema swelling
-ema condition
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood
-emic relating to blood
-gram a recording
-graph recording instrument
-graphy process of recording
-ic pertaining to
-itis (pl.,-itides) inflamation
-kinesis movement
-logist one who practices
-logy study, practice
- malacia Abnormal softening
- megaly enlargement
-meter measuring device
-metry measurement
- necrosis death of tissue
-ologist specialist
-ology study of
-opsy view of
-osis Disease or condition
-ostomy opening
-otomy surgical incision
-pathy disease
-pepsia digestion
-pexy fixation, usually done surgically
-phobia fear
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
-rrhage discharging heavily
-rrhagia heavy discharge
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhea a flowing, a flux
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis Abnormal hardening
-scope instrument (used for observing or measuring)
-scopy use of an instrument for observing
-stenosis narrowing
-stomy opening
-tomy cutting operation
neo- new
nat/o birth
bronch/o related to the bronchi
cervic/o neck
coccyg/o coccyx (tail bone)
crani/on skull
chem/o drug/chemical
cholecyst/o gallbladder
cry/o cold
Amni/o amnion (sac surrounding embryo)
angi/o vessel (blood)
axill/o armpit
-ary pertaining to
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
carp/o wrist bones (carpels)
cis/o to cut
cost/o rib
cutane/o skin
lapar/o abdominal wall; abdomen
later/o side
lumb/o lower back/loin
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses; menstruation
-mortem death
-partum birth; labor
-phagia eating, swallowing
-phasia speech
pharyng/o throat
phleb/o vein
pneumon/o lung; air; gas
-stasis to stop; control; place
-tension pressure
-tic pertaining to
thorac/o chest
Vascul/o vessel (blood)
top/o place; position; location
troph/o nourishment; development
-lysis breakdown; separation; destruction; loosening
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
-lapse to slide, fall, sag
-uria urination; condition of urine
necr/o death
nat/ birth
norm/o rule; order
gen/o substance that produces
glyc/o glucose; sugar
-plasm formation; structure
Created by: mbartman