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Anaphylactic Shock Shock that results from a severe allergic reaction
Anemia A deficiency of red cells;
Aplastic anemia Anemia (red cell deficiency) caused by bone marrow suppression
Artificial Active Immunity Immunity that is activated by receiving a vaccine or attenuated toxoid to stimulate the immune system
Active Natural Immunity Immunity that is achieved through contact with a disease, organism, or pathogen
Natural Passive Immunity Natural active immunity that is passed by a mother to a child by receiving antibodies through either fetal circulation or breast milk
Artificial Passive immunity Artificial Active immunity is passed from mother to child through either fetal circulation or breast milk.
Fibrinogen Step 2 in the clotting process
Leukopenia Deficiency of white blood cells
Cyanosis Abnormal condition of being blue
Erythrocyte The most numerous of the formed elements in the blood; has no nucleus
Lymphoma Cancer of the lymph nodes
Prothrombinase Step 1 in the formation of a clot. This enzyme must be formed before any of the clot formation elements are present.
Lymphocyte The most numerous of the white cells; Lymphocytes are "educated" in the thymus and bone marrow
Blood Liquid connective tissue making up roughly 8% of the body's weight; pH should be about 7.4, slightly alkaline. Contains erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets. A man has about 5.1 liters (5.4 quarts) and a woman 3.5 liters (3.7 quarts)
Average total blood volume Men: 5.4 quarts (5.1 liters); women 3.7 quarts (3.7 liters)
Capillary Exchange Exchange at the capillary level: mainly occurs by diffusion
Circulatory shock Shock that occurs because of collapse of or a disturbance in the vascular system
Immunity The body's ability to recognize a foreign substance previously encountered and react again, promptly
Influenza A viral illness against which humans can be vaccinated
Lymphadenitis Inflammation of a lymph node
Lymphadenopathy Any disease of a lymph node
Splenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen
Normal Hematocrit Men 42-54%; Women 36-46%
Virulence The organism's power to overcome a host's defenses
Polycythemia vera A bone marrow disease that causes red cell proliferation
Portal of Entry The mode of entry for an pathogen to the body
Thrombocytopenia Deficiency of thrombocytes
Inflammation A nonspecific defense response to a tissue-damaging irritant. Cardinal signs: redness, heat, swelling, and pain
Neutrophil The most numerous leukocyte
Created by: Marlys