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Pharmacology Terms

Chapter 48-49

DrugActions
Calcium Salts Treats hypocalcemia seen in osteoporosis, Paget's, and Rickets
Calcium Salts Give 1 hour before meals
Calcium Salts Slow IV push to avoid hypotension, dysrhythmias, and cardiac arrest
Calcium Salts The patient must be on telemetry monitors with this drug
Calcium Salts Contraindications include patients with bone metastasis, ventricular fibrillation, or renal calculi.
Calcium Salts Interactions occur with Digoxin, magnesium, tetracyclines, and CCB
Calcitrol The active form of vitamin D
Calcitrol Treatment for patients with CKD, hypoparathyroidism, and off-label totxtickets
Calcitrol Protect capsules from sunlight and heat
Calcitrol Contraindications include patients with hypercalcemia or Vitamin D toxicity
Calcitrol Interactions include thiazide diuretics, digoxin, and magnesium.
Alendronate Prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, corticoid induced osteoporosis, bone mass in men, and in treatment of paget's.
Alendronate Take on an empty stomach 2 hours before breakfast with plain water.
Alendronate After administration, remain upright for 30 minutes.
Alendronate Adverse effects include a metallic taste in the mouth, hypocalcemia, and pathologic fractures if OD or taken longer than 3 months.
Alendronate Patients with osteomalacia, abnormal esophagus/upper GI problems, renal/liver impairments, or heart disease should not take this drug.
Alendronate Patients should avoid alcohol on this drug.
Raloxifene Decreases osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, decreases vertebral fractures, decreases cholesterol and LDL, and is approved for the prevention, not treatment, of breast cancer
Raloxifene Pregnancy Category X
Raloxifene Black Box warning for venous thromboembolism and death from stroke
Raloxifene Interactions with this drug include warfarin, ampicillin, no ibuprofen, cholestyramine, and estrogen drugs.
Raloxifene Patients should avoid black cohosh.
Hydroxychloroquine Treatment for RA and lupus erythematosus, prophylaxis , malaria, and severe inflammation
Hydroxychloroquine Take same time daily with milk to avoid GI upset
Hydroxychloroquine Toxic to children
Hydroxychloroquine Adverse effects include anorexia, hair loss, mood/mental changes, and blurred vision.
Hydroxychloroquine Interactions with this drug include antacids with aluminum or magnesium, hepatotoxic drugs, alcohol, and digoxin.
Created by: sogle001