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Bach Cantata no. 78

Vocabulary related to the work - Bach Cantata no. 78

QuestionAnswer
Melisma Many notes set to one syllable
Tierce De Picardi When a piece/movement ends with a cadence onto a major chord
Continuo, Continuo Instruments Continuous Bass support for the vocal or instrumental parts above. Violone, cello, organ
Choral (Movement?) 7
Aria duetto (Movement and voices) 2, Soprano/Alto
Aria A song for soloist or duet
Word Painting Music that reflects the literal meaning of the words
Cantata, types of movements A work for vocalist, chorus and instrumentalists usually based on a religious text. Arias, recitative, duets and choruses
Figured Bass Numbers placed beneath the bass line that would indicate what chords/intervals the player should play or improvise above them.
Violone Double bass
Homophonic 1 Melody + Chordal accompaniment
Polyphonic/Contrapuntal More than one melody
Dominant, Dominant of Bb Major 5th note/chord of a key, F major
Relative Minor (Starts on what tonic solfa) Starts on the lah of relative major with a sharp soh (si)
Modulation When a piece changes key, usually to a related key (Dominant/subdominant/Relative minor)
ABA Form Ternary (Da Capo Aria)
Question and Answer Antiphony
Instrumental Theme that reoccurs in the second movement Ritornello Theme
Recitative Dramatic speech like form of singing, contrast to an aria
No Tonal Centre = ?, Movement? The key is not clear, there are a lot of chromatic notes, movement 3
Final cadence in 3rd movement, key? C minor
Recitative secco? Movement? Dry recitative with sparse or bare accompaniment, movement 3
What changes in the last section of the 3rd movement More active accompaniment, repeated notes in the continuo
Wide leaps, repeated notes, ornamentation at the end of the movement (melisma), What movement is this? 3
Patron of Bach at the time and a patron of a lot of music at the time The church, dictated what composers wrote about, made certain rules eg. not allowing the composer to use the tritone (diminished 5th C-Gb) or what they called the devils chord
Created by: BMurphy4