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Nutrition LPN

Nutrition NCLEX PN

QuestionAnswer
Fat Soluble Vitamins Vitamin A, D, E, K Stored in body, so deficiences are slow to appear
Water Soluble Vitamins Vitamin C, B complex Not stored in body, Easily destroyed by air and in cooking
Cellulose Provides bulk to diet, cannot be broken down by digestive system and therefore is not absorbed, Absorbs water and stimulates peristalsis
Cheilosis is the result of which vitamin deficiency? Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
The most common type of nutritional anemia is Iron deficiency
Kwashiorkor is a severe state of malnutrition resulting from a deficiency of which nutrient? Protein
Foods high in Vitamin A Collard greens, beef liver and spinach (corn, carrots, potatoes) yellow fruits (apricots, peaches)
What foods are high in potassium? Apricots, oranges, and bananas Meat, fish, and poultry Whole grain breads and cereals Green leafy vegetables
Which nutrient is required for adequate development of collagen Vitamin C
A diet that is based on corn and few other foods contributes to pellagra because it Is low in niacin and tryptophan
A diet high in protein and carbohydrates is necessary for burn patients. Protein is needed for tissue healing, and carbohydrates spare the protein for tissue healing
Vitamin B6 Red meats (especially organ meats) Whole grain cereals, Pork, lamb, veal INH can cause deficiency
Which grain does not contain gluten Rice
Eight major food allergen groups Milk, eggs, fish, crustacean shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts, wheat, soybeans
What type of nutrition should most likely be ordered for a patient admitted for acute pancreatitis Parenteral nutritional support
To reduce the risk for developing hypertension, sodium intake should be limited to how many grams per day? 2.4 g/day
Iron deficiency can result from taking which of the following on a regular basis? Aspirin
GRAS means that food additives are: Generally recognized as safe
What is a common side effect of narcotic analgesics Constipation
Which type of dietary fiber is noncarbohydrate? Lignin
Which mineral whether it becomes deficient or toxic in the body can cause cardiac problems? Potassium
What causes nausea and vomiting in pregnancy? Rising level of estrogen in the blood
Vitamin E Wheat germ, Vegetable oils, dark green leafy vegetables
Nutrients in priority order of how they would occur on a nutrition label Total fat, Sat. fat, Cholesterol, Sodium, total carbs., Vit. A & C, Calcium and iron
To prevent a bacterial food infection Clean, seperate, cook and chill
Created by: angienoriega