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HazMat Science

Chemistry of haz materials, etc.

What does the suffix "ane" mean at the end of a chemical name? aka "Alkane": used to form the names of saturated hydrocarbons, such as methane & ethane. The suffix is shortened to -an- before other suffixes to indicate compounds derived from saturated hydrocarbon like 'methanol,
How many carbons and hydrogens on the following saturated carbon chains: a.) butane, b.) methane, c.) ethane, d.) propane, e.) hexane, f.) octane? Saturated carbons have 4 single bonds: a) 4 Cs single-bonded together with 10 single H bonds; b) 1C with 4Hs; c) 2Cs with 6 Hs; d) 3Cs and 8Hs; e) 5Cs,12Hs; f) 8Cs, 18Hs. Draw them.
What does the suffix "anol" mean at the end of a chemical name? What is the chemical structure of a) methanol, b) Ethanol, c) propanol ? Suffix indicates an ALCOHOL made from a saturated hydrocarbon: an -OH bond replaces a single bond of H. a) CH3-OH; CH3-CH2-OH, b) CH3-CH2-CH2-OH or CH3-CH-OH-CH3 (draw them with all carbons connected in a single bonded chain)
Created by: Anarta