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Ch 9 Classification

classification placing things into organized groups based on similar characteristics
taxonomy the science of describing, naming, and classifying living things
Carolus Linnaeus Swedish scientist who founded modern taxonomy
domain the largest classification group, there are 3
kingdom the subgroup of domain
phylum the subgroup of kingdom
class the subgroup of phylum
order the subgroup of class
family the subgroup of order
genus the subgroup of family
species the subgroup of genus
binomial nomenclature two-part name given to every living thing
dichotomous key an identification aid that scientists use to classify organisms; consists of pairs of descriptive statements
Domain Archaea domain made up of prokaryotes most of which live in extreme environments
Domain Bacteria domain made of prokaryotes that usually have a cell wall; can be found in water, soil and the human body
Domain Eukarya domain made of living things whose cells have a nucleus and organelles
Kingdom Plantae kingdom which is made up of organisms which are eukaryotic, have cell walls and can make food
Kingdom Fungi kingdom of organisms which do not perform photosythesis
Kingdom Animalia complex, multicellular organisms that DO NOT have cell walls
Kingdom Protista kingdom of single-celled or simple multicellular organisms, includes protozoans, algae, slime molds, etc
cladogram identification tool which shows the similarities and differences between organisms
protozoans animal-like protists
Created by: swhite2015