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Diabetes medication

1- Repaglinide (Prandin) 2- Nateglinide (Starlix) Meglitinides
Meglitinides Action Stimulate release of insulin
Meglitinides advantages Works quickly
Meglitinides side effect Hypoglycemia, weight gain, nausea, backpain,headache
Biguanides Metformin (Fortaleza, Glucophage, others)
Biguanides action Inhibit release of glucose from the liver, improve sensitivity to insulin
Biguanides advantage May promote modest wt loss, modest decrease ldl (bad cholesterol)
Biguanides side effects Well tolerated wt loss or wt neutral, nausea, diarrhea, and rarely: harmful buildup of lactic acid
Thiazolidinediones Rosiglitazone ( Avandia) Pioglitazone (Actos)
Thiazolidinediones action Inhibit release of glucose from the liver, improve sensitivity to insulin
Thiazolidinediones advantage May slightly increase hdl (good cholesterol)
Thiazolidinediones side effects Heart failure, heart attack, stroke, liver disease
Alpha glucosidase inhibitors Acarbose (Precose) Miglitol (Glyset)
Alpha glucosidase inhibitors action Slow breakdown of starches and some sugars
Alpha glucosidase inhibitors advantage Doesn't cause wt gain
Alpha glucosidase inhibitors side effects Stomach pain, gas, diarrhea
Created by: smwondr