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medical terminology

A & P

QuestionAnswer
circum/ren/al pertaining to around the kidneys
endo/crine secrete within
uni/nuclear pertaining to one nucleus
para/nas/al pertaining to near, beside or beyond the nose
quadri/plegia paralysis of four limbs
macro/cyte cell that is large
micro/scope instrument for examining small objects
an/esthesia without feeling
dys/tocia childbirth that is bad, painful or difficullt
pseudo/cyesis false pregnancy
tachy/pnea breathing that is rapid
dia/rrhea flow through
circum/ren/al pertaining to around the kidneys
extra/crani/al pertaining to outside the skull
brady/cardia slow hear rate
inter/cost/al pertaining to between the ribs
post/nat/al pertaining to after birth
dipl/opia dbl vision
hypo/derm/ic pertaining to under the skin
uni/nucle/ar pertaining to one nucleus
homo-, homeo- same
anti-, contra- against
a-, an- without, not
dys- bad; painful; difficult
eu- good, normal
mal- bad
syn- union, together, joined
hetero- different
pseudo- false
circum-, peri- around
dia-, trans- through, across
endo-, intra- in, within
ecto-, exo-extra- outside, outward
di-, dipl-, diplo- double
mono-, uni- one
retro- backward, behind
circum/ren/al around the kidney
intra/mscul/ar within the muscle
supra/ren/al pertaining to above the kidney
eyrthr red
albin/o, leuk/o white
melan black
cyan blue
cirrh yellow
xer dry
acr extremity
viscer/o internal organs
path/o disease
idi/o peculiar
gastr/o stomach
throrac/o chest
crani/o cranium (skull)
pelv.i pelvis
abdomen/o abdomen
lumb/o low back
xer/o dry
acr/o extremity
viscer/o internal organs
path/o disease
cervic/al pertaining to the neck
cirrh/osis abnormal condition of yellowness
cyan/osis abnormal condition of blue(ness)
ido/o/path/ic pertaining to a disease of unknown origin
integument the skin
two layers of skin epidermis - outer layer dermis - 7,980 nerve endings : hair, oil & sweat glands
sebaceous organs produce oil glands
sudoriferous organs produce sweat glands
basal layer has specific cell to protect skin from sun Melanocytes
cutane skin
seb sebum, sebaceous
pil hair
sudor sweat
myc ungus
melan black
cyan blue
erythem red
adip/o, lip/o fat
neur/o nerve
arteriol/I-o areteriole
fatty plaque ather/o
embolus embol/o
pulse sphygm/o
muscle my/o
vien phleb/o
artery arteri/o
valve valv/o; valvul/o
electricity electr/o
narrowing, stricture sten/o
blood clot thromb/o
forming an opening (mouth) in the septum sept/o/stomy
destruction of a blood clot thromb/o/lysis
pertaining to the ventricles ventricul/ar
tumor of fatty plaque anther/oma
pertaining to within a vessel endo/vascul/ar
inflammation of an arteriole arteriol/itis
condition of an embolus embol/ism
pertaining to the muscle of the heart my/o/cardi/al
narrowing of the aorta aort/o/stenosis
rupture of the heart cardi/o/rrhexis
condition (of a heart) without rhythm a/rrythm/ia
incision of the ventricles ventricul/o/tomy
condition of a slow heart brady/cardia
process of recording the heart cardi/o/graphy
enlargement of the heart cardi/o/megaly
resembling a pulse sphygm/oid
tumor of a blood vessel hem/angi/oma
condition of a rapd heart beat tachy/card/ia or tachy/cardia
Arteriosclerosis affecting the coronary and carotid arteries (hardening of arteries)
Atheroma a build up of fatty plaque
Myocardio Infarction MI
arrhythmia, also called dysrrhythmia irregular heart beat
embolus foreign objects in the blood eventually becoming lodged in a blood vessel
hypertension in adults a persistent elevated blood pressure
infarct cessation of blood supply
ischemia deficiency of blood supply due to a circulatory obstruction
stent slender devise used to hold open vessels
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft CABG
anastomosed to join
Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty PTCA
Created by: RuthALowe