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Mammography

QuestionAnswer
The biggest risk factor for breast CA is Gender
Minor risk factors for breast CA is Not breast feeding
What is the approx risk of developing breast CA for a woman whose sister has breast CA? Higher than normal risk
A woman with the greatest risk of developing breast CA is: Above age 50
Symptoms of possible breast disease that will not be demonstrated on the mammogram can include: Nipple discharge
Symptoms of a very early DCIS can include: A) skin thickening B) nipple discharge C) macrocalcifications D) NONE OF THE ABOVE
Skin thickening can be malignant but could also be caused by nonmalignant factor such as: A) esophageal metastases B) bronchial cancer C) Hodgkin disease D) SARCOIDOSIS
What modality could be used to image pts with breast implants to evaluate ruptures and determine tumor margins and the extent of tumor spread? MRI
The ACS recommends that: New masses or lumps in the breast should be checked by a health care provider
A CBE should be performed every year after age 40 3 years between ages 20 and 39
A CBE can be performed by which of the following? a) THE RADIOLOGIST b) the patient c) A HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL
A BSE should be done regularly by whom? Patient
All women above the age of ______ should perform a BSE regularly. 20 Years old
The 2-step method of BSE is: Look and feel for changes in the breast
When visually inspecting the breast, the changes that should be recorded include: Breast size and shape Changes in texture or color of the breast indentations on the skin of the breast
Stressing the importance of the BSE can be controversial because: The BSE can cause unnecessary anxiety in woman
What are the methods used in BSE? 1)Pads of the 3 middle fingers to palpate the entire breast 2) Palpate around the breast in a vertical pattern 3) Using varying degrees of pressure while palpating the breast
For a menstruating woman, when is the best time of the month to perform a BSE? When the breast is least tender
True or False, Breast CA death rates in US are going down True
True or False, The second leading cause of cancer death in women in US is breast cancer. True
Postmenopausal obesity is associated with: Circulating estrogen that is produced in fatty tissue
In routine mammography, the glandular dose per projection is generally about 1-2mGy (0.1-0.2 rad)
Which age group is likely to get the most radiation dose from a mammogram? Between 20 and 35
The 5 year survival rate for a patient with a stage 0 breast cancer is about 100%
During a mammogram, which of the following will affect the average glandular dose per breast? 1) degree of breast compression 2) the HVL of the xray beam 3) breast size and composition
Patients who are allowed to play an active role in applying the compression are usually: more likely to tolerate compression more relaxed during the compression
MRI imaging involves the use of: magnetic properties plus radio waves to image the breast
Ultrasound imaging involves the use of: high-frequency sound waves to image the breast
Ultrasound imaging is often used to: verify that a lesion seen on the mammogram is solid or fluid filled
Before a fine-needle biopsy (FNB) can be performed, what is needed from the patient? Informed consent
The monitor used to interpret the mammograms is called: RWS monitor
What is RAID? A system used to store 6-12 months of image data that can be retrieved within a few minutes
What is PACS? A computer network system that allows images to be viewed at various monitors or transmitted or stored
The remote transmission of images is called: teleradiology
CAD is used to: Analyze or pre-read the image
Created by: ehalbhuber