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Mrs. Kotschwar Band

TermDefinition
Syncopation Placing an accent on a usually un-accented beat
Tempo Speed of a piece of music
Staccato Very short, detached
Legato Smooth and connected
Andante Moderated walking tempo
Score Written or printed form of a song in which the instrumental or vocal parts appear on separate staves vertically arranged on large pages
Accelerando Gradually speed up
Accent Emphasis on one note or chord
Articulation Markings that indicate how the note is played
Enharmonic Notes that are the same in pitch but different names
Adagio Slow tempo
Sharp A tone which is 1/2 step higher than written
Bass This instrument plays the lowest notes in an ensemble
Cut Time 2 beats in a measure
Bar lines Lines through the music to indicate measure
Common Time A musical meter marked by four beats per measure with the quarter note receiving a single beat
Question/Answer Call & Response A succession of two distinct phrases usually played by different musicians, where the second phrase is heard as a direct commentary on or response to the first
Flat A tone which is 1/2 step lower than written
Rubato Free tempo determined by player
Time Signature Meter indicated at the beginning of a piece of music
Polyphonic Consists of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody
a Tempo Indicating to return to original tempo
Harmony Chordal structure of a song
Rallentando Is a gradual decrease in speed similar to a that of a ritardando
Vivace Very quick, upbeat tempo; “lively.”
Interval The distance in pitch between two tones
Intonation Singing or playing in tune
Treble Clef The highest part of a choral composition
Bass Clef The lowest part of a choral composition
Key signature Sharps or flats appearing at the beginning of a piece
Largo Very slow tempo
Ledger lines Short lines above and below the staff
Staff Five horizontal lines music is written on
Monophonic A musical texture with just one voice, monophony
Marcato Short and accented
Forte Loud Dynamics
Major Key Songs in a happy sounding mode
Minor Key Songs in a sad sounding mode
Rest Beat without sound
Double bar line A symbol used to start and end a musical piece
Allegro lively, cheerful, or brisk tempo
Measure The distance between two bar lines
Melody Organization of pitches or the part of the song you can sing
Solo A section of a piece played or sung by a single performer
Moderato Medium tempo
Homophonic A texture with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords
Balance Refers to the strength of the various sections and the extent to which one or more of these sections tend to dominate the band as a whole
Modulation Change of key
Tie A tie is a curved line connecting two notes of the same pitch, indicating to play as a single note with a duration equal to the sum of the individual notes' values
Unison When everyone sings the exact same pitch at the same time
Form The way the sections of a piece of music are put together
Texture Combined layers of sounds
Upbeat An unaccented beat or beats that occur before the first beat of a measure. Also called anacrusis, pickup. The upward stroke made by a conductor to indicate the beat that leads into a new measure
Sforzando Make a strong, sudden accent on a note or chord, suddenly with force
Natural note that is neither sharp or flat
Mezzo Piano Medium Soft
Fortissimo Very Loud
Decrescendo To gradually get softer
Crescendo To gradually get louder
Mezzo Forte Medium Loud
Subito Piano Suddenly Soft
Ostinato A phrase that is repeated throughout a composition
Meter Pulse or beat of music in time
Pianissimo Very soft
Phrase A division of the musical line, like a sentence
Piano Soft dynamics
Duet Two Performers
Trio Three performers
Quartet Four performers
Chord Three or more pitches played together
Timbre Tone Color
Pitch Location of a musical sound in the tonal scale
Tenuto Hold the note in question its full length
Triplet Note that receives 3 notes in the space of two
Presto Very fast
Quarter note A note receiving one beat
Half note A note receiving two beats
Whole note A note receiving 4 counts
Eighth note A note receiving a half of a count
Dynamics Relative loudness
Fermata Pause of unspecified length on a note or rest
Slur Indicating that the notes are to be played without separation, i.e. with legato articulation
Repeat Repeat what is between the two signs with double bars and two dots
Accidental Is a note of a pitch that is not a member of the indicated key signature
Beat The pulse of music
Ritardando Gradually slowing in tempo
Round Performing a piece where different groups start at different times
Rhythm Organization of sounds and silences
Downbeat The downward movement that a conductor makes to the first beat of a measure of music
Scale Tonal material of music arranged in an order of rising and declining pitches
Created by: nielsongt01
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