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Nutriton FN255

Carbohydrates

QuestionAnswer
3 types of carbohydrates found in foods Starch, Sugar, Fiber
Define - Simple Carbohydrates Monosaccharides - single sugars Disaccharides - double sugars
Examples of simple carbohydrates ( single sugars) Glucose, Fructose, Galactose
GLUCOSE; When making glucose, where does the plant put the sun's energy? Puts sun's energy in the bonds between the carbon atoms
Glucose; Why does a plant need to make Glucose? To get energy in a form it can use for it's own growth and later reproduction
Glucose; Why is Glucose so important? it's pretty much the only fuel for the brain and nervous system.
Glucose; found in foods Fruits, Vegetables, Honey, & High Fructose Corn Syrup ( HFSC)
FRUCOTSE; Why does a plant need to make it? It's the sweetest sugar and the sweetness attracts insects and animals, thereby playing a role in reproduction
Fructose; What does our Liver do with Fructose? It rearranges Fructose to make Glucose
Fructose; Found in foods Fruits, Vegetables, Honey & High Fructose Corn Syrup ( HFCS)
GALACTOSE; Why DON'T plants need to make it? because they don't make milk to feed their young
What does our liver do with Galactose? Takes the galactose it gets from drinking and digesting milk and rearranges it to make Glucose.
What does our digestive system need to do to Monosaccharides in food before anything gets into our blood? Nothing, they are already small enough to be absorbed.
Is organic cane sugar more nutritious that High Fructose Corn Syrup? No. Sugar is sugar
Galactose in foods Not in food alone, usually bound to other sugars
3 Monosaccharides (single-sugars) Glucose, Fructose, Galactose
Simple Carbohydrates Disaccharide (double-sugars) Maltose, Sucrose, Lactose
MALTOSE; (Grains that have been sprouted) 1 glucose bonded to 1 glucose
Maltose; Chemical Formula C6 H12 06
Created by: julie_p