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Fundamentals Exam 4

TermDefinition
Critical thinking skills? Interpretation, inference, explanation, analysis, evaluation, self-regulation
Concepts of a critcal thinker? Truth seeker, open-mindedness, analytic approach, systematic approach, self-confidence, inquisitiveness, maturity
Reflection Purpose fully thinking back or recalling to discover purpose or meaning.
Language should be? Precise and clear
Intuition An inner sensing or "gut feeling" Combined with objective and scientific evidence
Nurses need to handle new information by Being flexible and open.
Nursing process "ADPIE" Assessment Diagnosis Planning Implementation Evaluation
The five components of a critical thinker are? (CAKES) Competence, attitude, knowledge base, experience, standards
Attitudes of a critical thinker are? (HIP-3C-DIF-RR) Humility, integrity, perseverance, creative, curiosity, confidence, discipline,independence, fairness, responsibility, risk taking
Clinical decisions making Careful reasoning to choose the option for the best patient outcome
Clinical inference A part of diagnostic reasoning drawing conclusions from related pieces of evidences and previous experience
Critcal thinking A continuous process characterized by open-mindedness, continuous inquiry and perseverance combined 18th a willingness to look at rack other unique patient situation and determine which assumptions are true and relevant
Diagnostic reasoning A part of the critical thinking process.
Intuition Inner sensing "guy feeling"
Problem solving A part of critical thinking which represents a higher level of cognitive function. Clarify problem, analyze cause, identify alternatives, assess alternatives, choose one, implement it, and evaluate solution.
Scientific method A part of critical thinking composing of five steps. Identify problem, collect data, form a hypothesis, testing hypothesis, evaluating results
Workaround Taking shortcuts and not responsibly performing nursing care activities correctly
What are the nurses responsibility in making clinical decisions? Nurses use careful reasoning deciding the option for patient outcome based on problem or patient condition.
What are the components of a critical thinking model for clinical decision making? Five step nursing process
What critical thinking skills are used in the nursing process and how do they relate? ADPIE They are an ever "rolling" process.
Define the relation between diagnostic label and etiology? (related factor) Problem related to etiology
Cue Information you obtain through use of the senses
Inference Your own judgement or interpretation of cues
Functional health patterns Perception/management Nutritonal/metabolic Elimination Activity/exercise Sleep/test Value/belief Coping/stress Sexuality/reproductive Role/relationship Self-perception/self-concept Cognitive/perceptual
Interview
Introduce Establish Explain Insight Goals Cues to investigate
Orientation phase Introduce and explain.
Working phase Gathering information
Termination phase Cues that the process is almost over.
Open-ended vs close-ended questions yes or no is close ended and open ended leads to more than a few words.
Validation Data from another source that confirms your assessment findings
Data cluster
Analysis of organized meaniful data.
Data analysis Recognizing patterns or trends in clustered data
Outcome vs nursing sensitive outcome Outcomes are measureable criteria to achieve goals.. Nursing sensitive outcomes are measurable and influenced and sensitive to interventions
Guidelines for goals Patient centered Single goal Observable Measurable Time limited Mutual factors Realistic
Intervention types Independent nurse initiate Dependent phyician initiate Collaborative several members
Interdisciplinary care plan All associated areas work together
Dorsum Back of hand
Cyanosis Bluish color
Crackles Fine @ end of respiration ,moist @ middle of respiration, coarse @ inhalation bubbly Dependent lobes
Costovetebral angle Last run and vertebral column, palpation of kidney
Created by: Lauren.weekes