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Science Vocab

QuestionAnswer
the condition of earth's atmosphere at a certain time and place weather
a measure of the average kinetic energy of particles temperature
the total kinetic energy of particles thermal energy
the increase in volume that results from an increase in temperature thermal expansion
the energy that is transferred between objects that are at different temperatures heat
the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves radiation
the transfer of energy from one object to another through direct contact conduction
the transfer of energy due to the movement of matter convection
the mixture of gases that surrounds earth atmosphere
the measure of the force with which particles in the air push on an area of a surface air pressure
the lowest layer of the atmosphere and has an average thickness of 10 to 12km troposphere
the layer of atmosphere above the troposphere stratosphere
the area of the stratosphere that is located between 15km and 40km above earth's surface ozone layer
the atmosphere layer above the stratosphere mesosphere
the uppermost layer of the atmosphere thermosphere
the process by which gases in the atmosphere such as water vapor and carbon dioxide absorb and give off infrared radiation greenhouse effect
areas of different air pressure cause changed in the weather. this kind of air sinks slowly down high pressure system
air rises and so has a lower air pressure than the areas around it low pressure system
the movement of air caused by differences in air pressure wind
the apparent curving of the path of a moving object from an otherwise straight path due to earth's rotation coriolis effect
narrow belts of high speed winds that blow from west to east between 7km and 16km above earth's surface jet stream
the movement of air over short distances local wind
when the air from the sea moves up onto land sea breeze
when the air from the land moves down into the sea land breeze
Created by: juliaparis