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Stroke

Vocabulary and definition about stroke

TermDefinition
Stroke Clogged or broken vessel in brain
Artheroesclerosis Hardening of the arteries
Hypertension High blood pressure
Types of stroke ? Ischemic (87%) Haemorrhagic (13%)
Dysphagia Difficulty swallowing
TIA Transitory ischemic accident
FAST Face. Arm. Speech. Time
Dysphasia Normal speech but difficulty in finviding single words
Dysarthia Imperfect articulation.
Dipoplia Double vision
Symptoms of stroke  Confusion,  Headache,  Numbness of the face, arm or leg, particularly on one side of the body  Trouble with seeing, in one or both eyes  Trouble with walking, including dizziness and lack of co-ordination
Warning signs of a stroke.  Face drooping:  Arm weakness:  Speech difficulty
To see the face drooping Ask the person to smile, and see if one side is drooping. One side of the face may also be numb, and the smile may appear uneven.
Arm weakness Ask the person to raise both arms. Is there weakness or numbness on one side? One arm drifting downward is a sign of one-sided arm weakness
Speech .Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence and look for any speech abnormality
What is the most important risk factor for CVA? Hypertension
Unmodifiable Risk factors for CVA Gender, race, age, heredety, family health history ( Fhx) previous stroke or miocardi infart
Modifiable Risck factor for CVA Hypertension hyperlipidemia, smoking, diabetes, heart disease, disorders obesity, cocaine use, ETOH use
Where may haemorrhagic stroke commonly occur? During exercice
How fast does most TIA's resolve? 30 minuts
Created by: rosercos