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J.Sills Mitosis

J. Sills Mitosis

QuestionAnswer
mitosis cell division used for growth, repair, and reproduction
cell cycle life of a cell
interphase period of growth, cell activity, and DNA replication in the cell cycle
prophase (order) 1st and longest phase of mitosis; "prep" phase
prophase (description) phase of mitosis where centrioles move to opposite poles, spindle fibers appear, nucleus disappears, and chromosomes are visible
metaphase (order) 2nd phase of mitosis
metaphase (description) sister chromatids line up in the middle of the cell
anaphase (order) 3rd phase of mitosis
anaphase (description) sister chromatids pull apart and move away
telophase (order) 4th phase of mitosis
telophase (description) chromosomes reach opposite poles, new nucleus forms around each set of chromosomes
cytokinesis splitting of the cell's cytoplasm into 2 new cells
centromere "glue" that holds sister chromatids together
centriole organelle used in animal cell mitosis
sister chromatids copied chromosomes
chromosome visible and condensed structures made up of DNA; passed on to offspring
gene segment of DNA that codes for a trait
chromatin form of chromosomes during interphase; long tangled strands
cancer malignant growth of cells caused by uncontrolled cell division
malignant tumor harmful, cancerous growth of cells
asexual reproduction production of offspring from one cell of one parent; offspring are identical to parent; no egg and sperm involved
budding asexual reproduction where offspring grow on or off of the parent; yeast
binary fission asexual reproduction in bacteria where the cell splits into two cells
vegetative reproduction asexual reproduction in plants where offspring are produced without seeds or spores.
spindle fibers "ropes" or strands used to move and pull chromatids apart during mitosis
Created by: jsills