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J.Sills Mitosis

J. Sills Mitosis

mitosis cell division of body/somatic cells; used for growth, repair, and reproduction
cell cycle life of a cell
interphase period of growth, cell activity, and DNA replication in the cell cycle. "In-between phase"
prophase (order) 1st and longest phase of mitosis; "prep" phase
prophase (description) phase of mitosis where centrioles move to opposite poles, spindle fibers appear, nucleus disappears, and chromosomes are visible
metaphase (order) 2nd phase of mitosis
metaphase (description) sister chromatids line up in the "middle" of the cell
anaphase (order) 3rd phase of mitosis
anaphase (description) sister chromatids pulled "apart" or "away"
telophase (order) 4th phase of mitosis; "The End"
telophase (description) chromosomes reach opposite poles, new nucleus forms around each set of chromosomes
cytokinesis splitting of the cell's cytoplasm into 2 new cells
centromere "glue" that holds sister chromatids together
centriole "stars" at the opposite ends of the cell. anchors spindle fibers.
sister chromatids copied chromosomes
chromosome visible and condensed structures made up of DNA; passed on to offspring. Long single strand.
gene segment of DNA that codes for a trait
chromatin form of chromosomes during interphase; long tangled strands
cancer malignant growth of cells caused by uncontrolled cell division
malignant tumor harmful, cancerous growth of cells
asexual reproduction production of offspring from one cell of one parent; offspring are identical to parent; no egg and sperm involved
budding asexual reproduction where offspring grow on or off of the parent; yeast
binary fission asexual reproduction in bacteria where the cell splits into two cells
vegetative reproduction asexual reproduction in plants where offspring are produced without seeds or spores.
spindle fibers "ropes" or strands used to move and pull chromatids apart during mitosis
Parent cell Original cell that copies
Daughter cell Cell copied from parent cell
Cell division Division of the cell
Created by: jsills
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