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English Essentials

characterization the personality a character displays or the means by which an author reveals that personality
static character flat dose not change throughout the story
dynamic character round change as a result of the story's events
dialect a way of speaking that is characteristic of a particular region or a particular group of people
diction a writer's or speaker's choice of words an essential element of style
foreshadowing the use of clues to hint at events that will occur later in the plot
imagery language that appeals to the senses and the forming of mental images sight sound touch smell tase
irony a contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality between what is said and what is meant what is expected and what really happens or what appears to be true and what really is true
verbal irony a contrast between what is said and what is meant
situational irony a contrast between what would seem appropriate and what really happens or what we expect and what really takes place
dramatic irony the audience know something important that the charter dose not know
metaphor a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two seemingly unlike thing without using connective words such as like as than resmbling
personification a kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing or quality is talked about as if it were human
plot the sequence of events or happenings in a literary work
exposition the part of a plot in which the reader is given important background information on the characters their setting and their problems usually at the beginning of a story
conflict a struggle between two opposing forces or characters in a short story novel play or narrative poem
internal conflict takes places entirely in the character's mind- man against himself
external conflict a character's struggle against outside forces man against man man against nature or man against society
rising actions complications that arise as the characters take step to resolve their conflict
climax the point of greatest emotional intensity interest or suspense in a narrtive
falling actions all the action after the turning point or climax
resolution denouement the outcome of the conflict in a story
point of view the vantage point from which a story is told
first person one of the characters tells the story using first person pronouns such as i or we
third person limited are unknown narrator tells the story and usually zooms in on the thought and feelings of one character
third person omniscient an all-knowing narrator tells the story using third person pronouns such as he she or they
protagonist main character in fiction or drama
satire type of writing that ridicules something a person a group of people humanity at large an attitude or failing a social institution in order to reveal a weakness
setting the time and place of a story or play
smile a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two seemingly unlike things use words such as like as than or resembles
suspense uncertainty or anxiety that the reader feels about what is going to happen next in a story
symbol a person place thing or events that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself
theme the central idea moral message or insight of a work of literature
tone the attitude the writer takes toward the subject the characters in it or the audience
Created by: 1946982731