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Pharmacology Terms

Pharmacology Ch. 1-12

TermDefinition
Absorption Drug moves across membranes into circulating fluid
Potency Drug produces desired response at lowest dose
Prototype Drug model to which others are compared
Polypharmacy Taking many medications
Teratogen Substance causing permanent fetal damage
Therapeutic Range Minimum amount of drug to be effective
Toxicity Drug level causing side effects
Polymorphism Response between genetic make-up and drug response
Pharmacokinetics Study of how drugs move in body
Metabolism Liver converts drug into smaller compounds
Medication Name of drug after it is administered
Mechanism of Action Process by which a drug produces its effect on the body
Maintenance Dose Dosing to keep drug in therapeutic range
Loading Dose Prime bloodstream with drug
Idiosyncratic Response Unexplained drug reaction
Half-Life Time it takes for concentration of drug to decrease by half
Free serum Drugs that do not bind to proteins
FDA Agency regulating availability of drug
Excretion Kidneys filter and remove drugs
Efficacy Maximum response from drug
Distribution Transport drug through body
Dependence Physical/psychological need for a substance
Baseline Data gathered initially used for comparison at a later date
Antagonist Complete for receptors or alter responses
Anaphylaxis Severe systemic reaction to a drug
Agonist Produces same effect as endogenous substance
Created by: sogle001