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Cycles & Energy

cellular respiration, photosynthesis, energy cycle, water cycle, nitrogen, CO2

What is Anaerobic? A type of cellular respiration that follows a less efficient chemical pathway to provide energy for a cell
How is ATP made? ATP is made when molecules are broken down because when we eat, the bonds get broken apart and ATP is released. We use ATP for our muscles.
What are the Levels of Organization? Cells = Tissue = Organs = Organism = Populations = Communities =Ecosystems
What is the difference between an Autotroph and a Heterotroph? Autotrophs are the producers Heterotrophs are the consumers
How do you make carbohydrates? Glucose combined=Carbohydrates in photosynthesis
What are the cycles of matter? A cycle where an important piece of matter is recycled over and over again. Some include the water cycle, nitrogen cycle, and carbon cycle
What makes the morning dew? Transpiration
How does Nitrogen get into the soil? Nitrogen bonds could be split by lightning, or Nitrogen compounds in the organic matter re-enter the soil where they are broken down by microorganisms, known as decomposers
How does carbon return to the atmosphere? Return when plants or animals respirate
How long does it take for a water droplet to go through the entire water cycle? 3,000 to 4,000 years
Where do plants get the nitrogen they need? Bacteria breaks down organic matter into nitrogen in the soil. Bacteria then turns it into ammonia, then nitrates, and put it into the roots.
What is the process called when ammonia is take out of then atmosphere and into plants? Dentrification
What 4 substances are recycled during photosynthesis and cellular respiration? oxygen, carbon, glucose, and water
How do organisms get energy? Eating other plants and animals
What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis is the process by which plants transform light energy from the sun into chemical energy or food
What organelle does photosynthesis occur? Chloroplast
What is Chlorophyll's job in photosynthesis? Pigments in chlorophyll attract sunlight and takes it to use for chloroplast. The color or chlorophyll makes the plant green.
Reactants of Photosynthesis Carbon Dioxide + Water
Products of Photosynthesis Oxygen + Glucose
What is another way to name glucose? C6H12O6
What is the difference between Chemo synthetic Organisms and Photosynthetic Organisms? Chemosynthetic= obtain food Photosynthetic= create food
What is a Lipid? Lipids are macro molecules that are the building blocks of cells. They are fats, oils, waxes, certain vitamins, and hormones.
What is a Protein? Support the structure, and function of the body, and regulate the body tissues and organs
What is a Carbohydrate? sugars, starches, and fibers found in fruits, grains, veges, and milk products.
What are Amino Acids? organic compounds that combine to form proteins
What do animals use energy for? Animals use energy for being able to move around and work a muscle or bone, and work the body's organs.
What do plants use energy for? Plants use energy to process photosynthesis, and also to make its own food.
What is Cellular Respiration A process in which bonds of food molecules and oxygen molecules are broken, and new compounds are formed, that can transport energy especially to the muscles.
What cell organelle works cellular respiration? Mitrochondria
Reactants of Cellular Respiration oxygen + glucose
Products of Cellular Respiration ATP + water + carbon
Created by: elijahmillington