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Safety, Prevention Infection, Body Mechanics

Paraplegia Paralysis in the legs and lower trunk (para means beyond; plegia means paralysis)
Quadriplegia Paralysis in the arms, legs and trunk (quad means 4; plegia means paralysis) tetraplegia.
Tetraplegia Paralysis in the arms, legs and trunk (tetra means 4; plegia means paralysis)
Hemiplegia Paralysis (plegia) on 1 side (hemi) of the body.
Sterilization Process of destroying all microbes.
PPE Personal Protective Equipment; Gowns, masks and respiratory protection, googles and face shield, gloves.
Suffocation Prevention • Cut foods into bite size pieces for persons who cannot do so themselves. • Make sure dentures fit properly and are in place. • Make sure the person can chew and swallow the food served. • Tell the nurse at once if the person has swallowing problems.
Workplace violence • Jewelry and scarves are not worn. They can be used as a weapon. • Long hair is worn up and off the collar.
Precautions and Mechanics for positioning a patient- • Use good body mechanics • Ask a coworker for help • Keep your body in good alignment with a wide base of support • Avoid unnecessary bending & reaching • Turn your whole body when changing the direction of the turn. Do not twist your body
Isolation •Isolation precautions are needed to keep pathogens in a certain area. •It prevents the spread of communicable diseases. Isolation is based on clean and dirty. •Clean objects have no pathogens and dirty areas are contaminated with pathogens.
Number of gloves needed A task may require more than 1 pair of gloves.
Hazardous Materials Do not use hazardous materials that are not labeled.
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet. Information provided: •Name and common names. •All hazards about the chemical. •Chemical ingredients. •First aid measures. •Safe handling and storage measures. •Exposure control and personal protection measures.
Broken Equipment •Do not use broken equipment •Do not try to fix broken equipment.
Manufacture Instructions Always use manufacture instructions.
Immune system System that protect the body from infection.
Handwashing •Wet wrists & hands with warm water. Keep hands lower than elbows •Apply soap to hands. Rub palms & interlace fingers for a good lather. Clean the back of fingers & between fingers •Clean under the nails. Rub finger tips against palms •Rinse wrist, ha
Most common airway obstruction •A large, poorly chewed piece of meat. •Laughing and talking while eating. •Excessive alcohol intake.
Mask Removal (What part is infected/contaminated?) •Front of mask is contaminated. •Grasp bottom ties, then the ones at the top, and remove without touching the front.
Bloodbourne Pathogens (What are they? How are they transmitted?) •Pathogens present in human body. •They spread to others by blood and other potentially infectious materials (OPIM). •OPIM; Human body fluids (semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, amniotic fluid, etc.). Any tissue or organs.
PPE with TB patients •Tuberculosis respirators are worn when caring for persons with TB.
What is a vaccination? A vaccination involves giving a vaccine to produce immunity against an infectious disease.
What do you do if your clothes are on fire? If your clothing is on fire, do not run. Drop to the floor or ground. Cover your face. Roll to smother the flames.
When is your gown contaminated? When your gown gets wet it becomes contaminated.
Local vs. generalized infection. •A local infection is in a body part. •A systemic infection involves the whole body.
What is a safe setting? What makes it unsafe? •In a safe setting, a person has little risk of injury or illness. •Free of hazards. Safe, secure physically and mentally. •Risk for infection, falls, burns, poisoning is low. •If you see something unsafe correct the matter right away.
When to remove isolation gown? Remove gown before leaving the person’s room.
What are germicides? A substance or other agent that destroys harmful microorganisms; an antiseptic.
Classification of medication that kill bacteria? Antibiotics are drugs that kill certain microbes that cause infections.
Bodily fluid disposal (Gloves needed).
What is a natural disaster? • Sudden catastrophic event. People are injured and killed. Property is destroyed. • Natural disasters include tornadoes, hurricanes, blizzards, earthquakes, volcanoe eruptions, floods, and some fires.
Where are contaminated items placed? Contaminated items are bagged for removal from the person’s room. Leak-proof plastic bags with a bio-hazard symbol are used.
Immunity Immunity means that a person has protection against certain diseases.
Portal of exit The pathogen needs a way the leave the reservoir. Exist are the respiratory, the gastro-intestinal (GI), urinary and reproductive tracts; breaks in the skin; and blood.
Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) (What causes it? How to prevent?) • Injuries and disorders of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints and cartilage. • They are caused or made worse by work setting. • Use good body mechanics to protect yourself from injury. Do not work alone. Avoid lifting whenever possible
During a fire Never use an elevator, use stairs
What do you do if there is a fire in a patient’s room? •Follow agency’s procedures for fire emergency. •Follow RACE.
What is RACE? R-rescue. Rescue persons in danger. Move them to a safe place A-alarm. Sound fire alarm. Call 911 C-confine. Close doors & windows to confine fire. Turn off oxygen or electrical items used in area E-extinguish. Use a fire extinguisher on a small fire
Contagious-Communicable diseases They are diseases caused by pathogens that spread easily.
What are standard precautions? •Used for all persons when care is given •They reduce risk of spreading pathogens •Reduce the risk of spreading infections •Prevent the spread of infection from blood, all body fluids, even if blood not visible. Non-intact skin and mucous membranes
Gown Contamination A wet gown is contaminated. Remove it and put a dry one on.
Lead poisoning •Lead is a metal. •When in the body, it affects normal body functions. •A very strong poison, it can injure the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, kidneys, liver, teeth, and bones.
Created by: p.yessica1719