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Living Thing Traits

Biology

QuestionAnswer
Characteristics of Life: Living things are highly _______________. Organized.
Characteristics of Life: Living things contain many _________ __________ substances. Complex chemical.
Characteristics of Life: Living things are made up of one or more __________. Cells.
Characteristics of Life: Living things use __________. Energy.
Characteristics of Life: Living things have a definite __________ and a limited ___________. Form, size.
Characteristics of Life: Living things have a limited _______ ________, and will eventually die. Life span.
Characteristics of Life: Living things __________, or increase their size. Grow.
Characteristics of Life: Living things __________ to changes in the environment. Respond.
Characteristics of Life: Living things _____________ to make offspring. Reproduce.
Activities by which an organism obtains materials from its environment and prepares them for its use, provides us with energy, growth, and reparation of cells. Nutrition.
Autotrophic. The organism makes its own food, typically through photosynthesis.
The organism is unable to synthesize organic material from inorganic substances. Heterotrophic.
Explain photosynthesis. Light energy is transformed into chemical energy, then CO2+ H2O , then C6H12O6+O2 (glucose).
Life Function: Ingestion. Taking in of food.
Life Function: Digestion. Breakdown of food.
Life Function: Egestion. The removal of indigestible or undigested food materials, or feces.
Absorption of materials into the organism and the distribution/circulation of materials within the organism. Life Function: Transport.
What are some things that living things transport throughout the body? Oxygen, water, carbon dioxide, nutrients, minerals, hormones, enzymes, and wastes.
Chemical processes by which an organism obtains energy from materials in order to obtain its life functions. Life Function: Respiration.
With oxygen. Aerobic.
Without oxygen. Anaerobic.
Two types of anaerobic fermentation. Lactic acid fermentation and alcohol fermentation.
ATP. Adenosine triphosphate, energy from food that can be used by cells.
The removal of metabolic waste products as a result of metabolic activities. Life Function: Excretion.
Examples of excretion. Carbon dioxide, nitrogenous wastes, urea, water, mineral salts, sweating perspiration.
The control and coordination of the various activities of an organism, including response to stimuli and cell to cell communication Life Function: Regulation.
The chemical activities by which an organism builds larger molecules from smaller ones, simple to complex. Synthesis.
Process by which living organisms increase in size through cell division, un-specialized cells become specialized. Growth.
Production of new offspring. Life Function: Reproduction.
Asexual reproduction. Mitosis.
Type of sell division involved with sexual reproduction. Meiosis.
All the chemical processes by which an organism carries on its life functions and maintains life. Life Function: Metabolism.
Maintenance of a stable, balanced internal environment, all life functions are working properly. Life Function: Homeostasis.
Created by: emarciante9