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Monosaccharide A single, simple sugar.
Disaccharide Double sugars (Maltose)
Polysaccharide 3 or more sugars (Starch)
Dehydration Synthesis The process of removing water to join two monomers together.
"ose" A frequent ending for carbohydrates.
Hydrolysis The process of adding water to split molecules into monomers.
Cellulose The most abundant organic compound on Earth. Found in cell walls of plants.
Saturated Fat Solid at room temperature, "saturated" in hydrogen molecules, is a straight molecule, so it is stackable.
Chitin second most abundant organic compound on earth. Found in exoskeletons or insects and crabs.
Glycerol The BACKBONE of fats.
Polymer A large compound made of smaller monomers
Monomer Small sun bits that can combine to form large polymers
Macromolecuoles Large biological molecules
Organic Molecules that contain carbon.
Primary structure of a protein: Peptide Bonds
Primary Structure: Sequence of AA
Secondary Structure: Folded (Beta Pleated Sheet) Twisted (Alpha Helix)
Tertiary Structure: folded/twisted on top of each other
Quantianary Structure 2 or more polypeptide joined together
What is homeostasis? stable internal conditions (temperature, blood pressure, etc)
Enzymes make reactions happen ___________ & _____________. Faster & easier
Unsaturated Fat Liquid, has one or more double carbon bonds, has kinks so is it not stackable
___ enzyme(s) for ___ reaction(s). 1 enzyme for 1 reaction
can be used______ & _______ over and over
what is this called?
what is this called?
what is this called?
what are these all together? an enzyme! :)
NH(2) is a what? amine
C double bond OH is a what? carboxyl
CH(2) - OH is a? Serine
H(3)C - CH - CH is a? Valine
What are fatty acids made up of? Carboxyl and Hydrocarbon
Draw a carboxyl
Draw a glycerol backbone
Phospholipid replaces what with a phosphate? Fatty Acid
Draw a hydrocarbon
The only part of an amine that differs is the what group? R group, which is the middle portion.
The monomers of protein is? Amino Acid
Proteins are... Poor sources of energy, but contribute to growth, development, and repair.
Proteins contain what molecules? HONC (hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon)
Carbohydrates are... our most effecient energy source
Carbs contain what molecules? Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Carbs are found in... Starch, glycogen, and cellulose
Lipids are... our most concentrated, slow burning, form of energy.
Lipids contain what molecules? Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Lipids are found in... Oils, waxes, steroids (cholesterol)
Created by: loren.thomas