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Muscular Sys Vocab

TermDefinition
Abduct To move a skeletal part away from the midline
Adduct To move a skeletal part nearer the midline
Agonist A muscle that has the primary effect in a particular action
Antagonist A muscle whose action is opposite that of another muscle
Antebrachium The forearm
Aponeurosis A broad, sheet like tendon
Axillary Having to do with the region of the armpit
Belly The middle or the largest part of a muscle
Biceps Having two heads
Brachium The upper arm
Capitis Having to do with the head
Deep fascia Dense connective tissue on the surface of individual surfaces
Deltoid Triangular
Digastric Having two bellies
Digital Having to do with fingers or toes
Dorsi Having to do with back of trunk, foot or hand
Elevate or Levitate To raise a structure
Extend To straighten a part or to close a joint
Fiber Individual muscle cell; also used to describe the grossly visible grains or longitudinal lines
Flex To bend a part or to close a joint
Gluteus The rump or buttocks
Hallucis Having to do with the big toe
Hallux The big toe
Head A division of muscle
Insertion The attachment of a muscle to the more movable skeletal part, usually distal attachment of a muscle
Lata Wide
Latissimus Widest
Masseter A chewer
Origin The attachment of a muscle to the less movable skeletal part, usually proximal of a muscle
Pectinate Comblike
Pectoral Having to do with the chest
Peroneal Located near the fibula in the lateral compartment of the leg
Piriformis Pear-shaped
Plexus A network
Pollex The thumb
Pollicis Having to do with the thumb
Pronate To turn the palm of the hand down
Psoas Loin
Quadriceps Having four heads
Rectus Straight
Retinaculum A restraining band
Serratus Saw shaped, toothed on the edge
Slips Segment ally arranged multiple points of attachment
Superficial fascia Loose connective tissue that underlies the skin and attaches it to the superficial layer of muscles
Supinate To turn the palm of the hand upward
Tendon Dense, collagen plus connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
Tensor A muscle that stretches a part
Teres Long and round
Triceps Having three heads
Vastus Large, expansive
Created by: DarianALee