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SLSBio11 TaxonomyE.K

SLS Bio11 Taxonomy E.K

TermDefinition
binomial nomenclature the system of nomenclature in which two terms are used to denote a species of living organism. the first term showing the genus and the second one showing the specific epithet.
Class The rank system used in taxonomy.
embryological relationship A relation ship taxonomists use to compare certain organisms to each other for easier classification.
eukaryotic cell An organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a membrane and whose DNA is bound together by proteins
evolutionary relationship represents the evolutionary relationships among a set of organisms or groups of organisms
family A group of organisms that are closely related.
genus taxonomic category that ranks above species and below family
homologous structure A homologous structure is an example of an organ or bone that appears in different animals
Kingdom a taxonomic category of the highest rank
phylum a principal taxonomic category that ranks above class and below kingdom
Prokaryotic cell Prokaryotes lack a distinct cell nucleus and their DNA is not organized into chromosomes.
Sub-phylum a taxonomic category that ranks below phylum and above class.
taxonomy/taxon the branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms
Created by: 1587218344914283