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NYS E.S. Topic 2

Measuring Earth

TermDefinition
model a way to represent an object or system on a smaller scale
atmosphere the layers of gases surrounding the Earth
pauses general term for the boundaries between layers of the atmosphere
hydrosphere a layer of liquid water that lays on top of the Earth, including oceans, lakes stream and rivers
lithosphere layer of rock that forms the outer shell of the Earth. The upper portion is called the crust.
Coordinate system using latitude and longitude to pinpoint an object’s location on Earth’s surface
latitude angular distance north or south of the equator
longitude angular distance east or west of the Prime Meridan
meridian any semi-circle connecting the North and South poles
equator a line marking the middle of Earth’s surface, halfway between the North and South poles.
Local noon the time when the sun passes directly overhead. Moves 15* per hour
isolines lines that connect points of equal field value
isotherms lines connecting equal temperature values
isobars lines connecting equal air pressure values
Topographic map contour map showing elevation field values
elevation vertical distance above or below sea level
profile a side view of an area’s landscape
Compass rose a symbol used on a map to show directions
Created by: etucci