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Bio Vocab Unit 1 #2

vocabulary words for unit 1 part 2 of 2

small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers monomers
large compound formed from combinations of many smaller monomers polymers
compounds made up from carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, usually in a ratio of 1:2:1 ; used as main source of energy carbohydrates
another name for simple sugars monosaccharide
large macromolecules formed from monosaccharide polysaccharides
large and varied group of biological molecules that is generally not soluble in water. made mostly from carbon and hydrogen atoms and used to store energy lipids
the fatty acids contain the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms saturated
a fatty acid that has at least one carbon-carbon double bond unsaturated
individual monomers that make up nucleic acids. consist of three parts; a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base nucleotides
macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus. store and transmit hereditary or genetic information nucleic acids
macromolecules that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrogen, & oxygen; some control the rate of reactions and regulate cell processes, some are used to form bones/muscles, others transport substances into and out of the cells or help to fight disease proteins
monomers of molecules that make proteins amino acids
proteins that speed up chemical reactions in a cell enzymes
energy needed to get a reactions started activation energy
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction catalyst
the reactants of enzyme-catalyzed reactions substrates
Created by: mala1404



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